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Considered the founding father of Geopolitics through his book "The Laws of the Spatial Growth of States".
Coined the term Geopolitics in his book "The State as an Organism".
He was Hitler's chief advisor on Geopolitics, played a key role in the Nazi war machine. His ideas and teachings in his publication "Journal of Geopolitics" became Germany's national policy.
Was influenced by the prominence of British naval power. Argued in his book "The Influence of Sea Power Upon History" that the key to power was not spatial, it was sea power.
Studied history and came to believe that the heartland of eurasia was hugely important. Wrote " The Geographical Pivot of History" and created the adage:
Was a critic of Mackinder and worked to refine his ideas in his book "America's Strategy in World Politics". Thought the heartland theory was misguided and that Mackinder underestimated the power of the Rimlands. His adage was:
Was the first person to successfully argue for air power in his book "Victory Through Air Power". Used polar maps to argue for the positioning of air bases.
Impacted the discipline of Geopolitics rather than the real world through his book "Geography and Politics in a World Divided".
Harold and Margaret had three ideas:
Wrote about the US. Argues that the US is a regional hegemony and does not allow anyone to dominate Europe or Asia.
Wrote about the tyranny of geography. Argues that having access to the sea and market is highly important. Even if you have specialized capitalism, if your geography makes it impossible to reach markets, capitalism doesn't matter.
1. Taking a 3D object onto a 2D space:
1. Map Scale
Geographers use maps to examine specific information about detailed areas
The result of government spending in a fiscal year exceeding revenue.
A hierarchically structured organization charged with carrying out policies determined by political authority.
In parliamentary system, the ministers who direct the administration of the government.
The degree to which a state or government is able to implement its policies.
An economic system that emphasizes private property rights and market mechanism.
A political party whose aim is to gather support from a broad range of citizens by de-emphasis on ideology and emphasis on practical decisions.
A correlation in which a change in one variable results in the change of others.
Checks and Balances
A system of governance in which divisions of government can restrain the political authority of other divisions.
A member of a state who is legally entitled to full civil rights and is legally obliged to perform defined public duties.
la densité démographique
la croissance démographique
the birth/death rate
le taux de natalité/de mortalité
an age pyramid
une pyramide des âges
an age group
une classe d'âge
a baby boom
une explosion démographique
a baby bust
un effondrement démographique
These are the areas in which states originate and out o which the state idea has developed. The relationship between the physical environment of the core and the political-cultural system that evolves may become embe…
Capitals or Political Centers
Capitals serve as political and symbolic focus of activities that govern the behavior of people in politically defined territories. Built landscape of a national capital has symbolic value in mobilizing support for the state. Capi…
Landfills has problems with this. Potentially explosive problem. In landfills is 2/3 methane, rest is carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Many have died from explosions
The total amount of living tissue, usually measured in grams, within a given trophic level
the line that separates one country, province, etc., from another
Mark off political areas. Linear, but often occur within broader border zones. Their demarcation may become a source of conflict.
minority separatist areas within states and isolated or rogue states within regions. usually concentrated in periphery of country and removed from economic advantages provided by ecumene and ENT. resources tend to flow to national center.
Fish and other aquatic life are very sensitive to the _______ of water.
A bond (like a loan of an IOU) issued by a national government usually with a promise to pay periodic interest payments to repay the face value on the maturity date.
No Fly Zone
An area where aircraft may not fly without the risk of interception, especially during a conflict.
AKA Petrol Bomb, Fire bomb is a generic name for a variety of bottle based improvised incendiary weapons. Usually used in riots, and urban Guerrilla warfare. They set things on fire!
degree that Earth's axis of rotation is tilted at
A missile or rocket that follows a ballistic (parabola) flightpath and delivers a warhead to a predetermined target.
An explosive and/or toxic material that is delivered by a rocket, missile or torpedo.
Military units trained to perform unconventional missions.
WMD (Weapon of Mass Destruction
A nuclear, radiological, chemical, biological, or other weapon that can kill or bring significant harm to a large number of hum,ans or man made structures, natural structures, or the biosphere.
A key, symbols, colour, shape, scale.
What do mapmakers use to represent the features found on the earth's surface?
Military operations that are considered unconventional (special). They are usually carried out by dedicated special forces.
USNorthCom, USSouthCom, USEuCom, USAfriCom, USCentCom, USPacCom,
All parts of the Unified Combatant Command (UCC) of the USA DoD.
A country whose economy is largely dependent on exporting a limited resource product like bananas.
A small group of people having control of a country or organization.
Individuals exercising governmental authority because of their knowledge.
Political bureau of the CPC Central Committee
A group of 25 people who oversee the Communist Party of China.
A theory that examines the development of jointly constructed understanding of the world.