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Level 58

European State Consolidation in the 17th & 18th

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United Provinces of Netherlands
were the only new state to appear in Europe during the early modern period. A formal republic, the Netherlands central government exercised its authority through cooperation with the provinces. Dutch life was marked by relig…
Dutch Capital System
Financed economic life throughout Europe
Monarchy in England
England's monarchs' efforts to get new sources of income threatened the country's political and economic stability. In France, Louis XIV made the French nobility dependent upon his patronage
Religion in England
The Protestant religious movement of Puritanism opposed the Stuart monarchy and sought to limit its powers.
Government in England
The English system of a representative parliament remained ingrained in the political culture, even if it was not the strong institution it would become by the end of the seventeenth century. The parliamentary governmen…
King James I
An outsider and scot who advocated the diving right of kings
By his decision to maintain and augment Anglican Episcopacy
How did King James I anger many of his subjects?
Puritan Separatists left England and did?
Founded the Plymouth colony and the Massachusetts bay colony
Charles I
Forced unpopular levies and taxes in the English people, and stationed troops en route to war with Spain in private homes. Parliament forced him to agree to the Petition of Right. In 1629 parliament decl…
Petition of Right
A document that required the monarch to gain consent of Parliament before levying taxes or quartering soldiers in private homes
Grand Remonstrance
A summary of grievances. Presented to Charles from Parliament in 1641
Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658)
Led the reorganized parliamentary army to victory against Charles I's forces
Long Protector
Title given to Cromwell after the defeat of Charles I while he led England as a Puritan republic (1649-1660) as a Military Dictator
Charles II
Rule known as the Stuart Restoration, returned to England to rule after the death of Cromwell in 1658
Stuart Restoration
Brought England back to the condition of the 1640s, when an Anglican Church was at the fore of religion and the monarch had little or no responsibility to call parliament
James II
Renewed fears of catholic England by openly appointing Catholics to high positions in court and in the army. Fled to France in 1689 in the face of William of Orange's superior army
Glorious Revolution
The bloodless accession of William and Mary to the throne of England after James II fled to England
Bill of Rights
Recognized by William and Mary which limited the powers of the monarchy, prohibited Catholics from occupying he throne and guaranteed the role of Parliament in government
Louis XIV
Sun King successfully surprised discontent among the nobility and landowners through absolute monarchy and strict catholic rule. Believed in religious uniformity and helped to suppress the Jansenists
Motto of King Louis XIV
One king, one law, one faith
Cardinal Mazarin
Helped Louis XIV in his early reign and continued Richelieu's policy of centralization of government
L ètat c'est moi
Famous outburst of Louis XIV meaning "I am the state"
A group of Catholics opposed to the influence of Jesuits on Catholic theology
Jean-Baptiste Colbert
Controller of general finances, helped Louis XIV consolidate France's wealth and create an economic base for funding wars
Edict of Nantes
In 1685 Louis revoked the?
Charles XII of Sweden
Came to the throne and let a strong campaign against the Russians in the Great Northern War (1700-1721). Was defeated, exhausting Swedish military and economic resources and losing a section of the Baltic coast