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Level 54

History Renaissance

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What does the word 'Renaissance' mean?
The word renaissance means 'rebirth' because people's interest in things from ancient Greece and Rome was reborn
When was this period in history and what occurred?
Took place between 1300 AD to 1650 AD and a new civilisation began which was based on the culture of Greece and Rome
Why did the Renaissance begin in Italy?
Italy was at the centre of the main trade routes, Italians traded with the cultures of the Chinese and the Arabs Italian Rulers were very wealthy and they sponsored works of art for their…
Name some famous Renaissance patrons and explain why they were so important
Cosimo de Medici was the ruler of Florence and he paid for many new public buildings Also Pope Julius II who paid Michaelangelo to work in St Peter's church in Rome eg He painted…
Explain why the Medici family were so wealthy
They had made a fortune as merchant bankers in the city of Florence
Briefly describe pre-Renaissance paintings?
They were usually flat and lifeless - not really lifelike or realistic and the figures were not to scale - mostly were paintings of religious scenes and were painted onto wood panels
What made the painting of the Renaissance so unique?
Artists made their paintings more life-like by using perspective to give a sense of depth to their paintings They used oil-based paints Some did painting on wet plaster called frescoes Many of the artists …
Explain how Leonardo da Vinci was such a genius
Leonardo da Vinci is considered a genius of the Renaissance because he was a painter, a sculptor and an inventor He also studied anatomy, astronomy and geology
Name one famous da Vinci painting and describe it
The Last Supper was painted on the wall of a monastery and it depicts the reaction of the twelve apostles when Jesus had just told them that one of them would betray him Amazing facial expressions
What was sfumato?
This was a 'smoky' technique which made human skin look amazingly realistic
Why are the notebooks of da Vinci so important?
His notebooks contain all the information and drawings he made of things that he was interested in For example, detailed drawings of veins, muscles, as well as many of his ideas for making new weapons etc
What was a fresco?
A fresco was a special wall painting done on wet plaster
Name one Renaissance artist from outside Italy and name one of his works
Albrecht Dürer was a German artist who was influenced by the ideas of the Renaissance He is most famous for his engravings which were prints often made from wood He also completed some wonderful paintings of animals
Name a famous Renaissance architect
Filippo Brunelleschi who designed the dome for the cathedral in Florence It took sixteen years to complete and was the largest dome in the world at the time
What were some of the main changes that took place in architecture?
The architects based their ideas from the ruins of old Roman buildings They used impressive decorated columns, domes and rounded arches
Who was Galileo and why was he so important?
Born in Pisa he was a professor of maths and an astronomer, he invented the telescope He supported Copernicus theory that all the planets travelled around the sun. When he refused to renounce his v…
Why was Johann Gutenberg so important?
Johann Gutenberg was born in Germany He was a goldsmith and he invented movable metal type which meant that single letters in metal could be used over and over again
What was the first book to be printed?
The Holy Bible There are 47 copies still in existence today
Why was the printing press of such importance during the Renaissance?
Books to be produced quickly and cheaply More people could learn to read and write and important religious and political ideas could be spread quickly over large areas i.e the ideas of Martin Luthe…
Name a famous Renaissance writer and one of his written works
William Shakespeare Born in Stratford-on-Avon in England He wrote both poems and plays, many of which are based on stories and legends from Ancient Greece and Rome