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Crusades & Byzantium

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Magna Carta
Great Charter forced upon King John of England by his barons in 1215; established that the power of the monarchy was not absolute and guaranteed trial by jury and due process of law to the nobility
The wars fought by Christians to take control of the Holy Land in the east from the Muslims are called the _______.
Christian leaders' effort to retake the Iberian peninsula from the Moors
Bubonic Plague (1348-1353)
Created a severe economic crisis - devastating plague that killed up to half of the European population
Result of the Crusades
Cultural Diffusion and increased trade with the West
Byzantine Empire
Preserved the cultural heritage from Greece and Rome; capital was Constantinople
Emperor Justinian
Known for law reform in Byzantium
East Orthodox church officials were allowed to marry
Major difference between the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Western Church
Ottoman Turks
Conquered Constantinople in 1453; ended the Byzantine empire
Plague of Justinian
Disease similar to bubonic plague, and hit in the later years of Justinian's reign (6th Century A.D.)
Hagia Sopia
a huge ancient church in Constantinopple created during Justinians reign. It is most noted for it's huge dome, an incredible feat of engineering and architecture at the time.