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A Jew from Galilee in northern Israel who sought to reform Jewish beliefs and practices. He was executed as a revolutionary by the Romans. A teacher and prophet whose life and teachings form the b…
Who was the first Christian emperor of the Roman world?
Edict of Toleration
313 CE, Constantine's official decree, makes Christianity legal.
Great Schism
The appearance of two, and at times three, rival popes between 1378 and 1415.
a Christian sacrament signifying spiritual cleansing and rebirth. As a Catholic, it is usually done at birth as the cleansing of original sin.
Immaculate Conception
the Roman Catholic doctrine that the Virgin Mary was conceived without any stain of original sin
A leader who taught Christianity to the gentiles (non-Jews) all around the Mediterranean. He wrote letters and explained difficult doctrines. His letters became part of the new testament.
New Testament
the collection of books of the Gospels, Acts of the Apostles, the Pauline and other Epistles, and Revelation
Gregorian Chant
a liturgical chant of the Roman Catholic Church
(Roman Catholic Church and Protestant Churches) the celebration of the Eucharist
a Christian sacrament commemorating the Last Supper by consecrating bread and wine
Holy Spirit
the third person in the Trinity, the advocate, the inspirer, the mystical one
(Roman Catholic Church) the act of a penitent disclosing his sinfulness before a priest in the sacrament of penance in the hope of absolution
anointing as part of a religious ceremony or healing ritual
Roman Catholic
the Christian Church based in the Vatican and presided over by a pope and an episcopal hierarchy
Eastern Orthodox
The Christian religion of the Byzantine Empire in the middle east that formed from Christianity's schism between the remains of the western and eastern Roman Empire. The Christian church ruled by the Byzantine emperor…
exclude from a church or a religious community
relating to or being a Christian church believing in personal conversion and the inerrancy of the Bible especially the 4 Gospels
the remission by the pope of the temporal punishment in purgatory that is still due for sins even after absolution
a formal religious act conferring a specific grace on those who receive it
Someone who goes out to spread a religious message
in the Catholic church to declare (a dead person) to be a saint; After he was shown to have performed a miracle, the priest was canonized
a material effigy that is worshipped as a god
(Christianity) the act of delivering from sin or saving from evil
the act of atoning for sin or wrongdoing (especially appeasing a deity)
a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
Holy Trinity
the union of the Father and Son and Holy Ghost in one Godhead
a emblem of Christianity
a Christian holiday celebrating the birth of Christ
a Christian celebration of the Resurrection of Christ
Judas Iscariot
(New Testament) the Apostle who betrayed Jesus to his enemies for 30 pieces of silver
Simon Peter
one of the 12 apostles. In charge of the foundation of Church in Rome, leadership roled assigned by Jesus. He was present at incidents such as transfiguration. He denies Jesus 3 times. Dies through martyrdom by crucifixion, glorifying God.
John the Baptist
(New Testament) a preacher and hermit and forerunner of Jesus (whom he baptized)
Chalcedonian Creed
taught Christ "to be acknowledged in two natures, inconfusedly, unchangeably, indivisibly, inseparably"
Nicene Creed
a formal creed summarizing Christian beliefs
heretical doctrine taught by Arius that asserted the radical primacy of the Father over the Son
Athanasian Creed
taught "We worship one God in Trinity, and Trinity in Unity; neither confounding the Persons nor dividing the Substance."
one of the groups of Christians who have their own beliefs and forms of worship
Members of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic order founded by Ignatius Loyola in 1534. They played an important part in the Catholic Reformation and helped create conduits of trade and knowledge between Asia and Europe.
Benedictine Rule
the code followed by Benedictine monks
Benedictine Order
the largest group of monks in the early Middle Ages
church court that rid Spain of Jews and Moors as they were heretics who didn't follow the catholic doctrine as ordered by Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain
Martin Luther
a German monk, Catholic priest, professor of theology and seminal figure of a reform movement in 16th century Christianity, subsequently known as the Protestant Reformation. He strongly disputed the claim that freedom from God's punish…
John Calvin
French theologian, who preached "predestination", the belief that God determines and guides those who are to be saved; frequently referred to as "the elect".
Dutch humanist and theologian who was the leading Renaissance scholar of northern Europe
Jan Hus
Czechoslovakian religious reformer who anticipated the Reformation
A bishop of Rome. began to claim authority over all other bishops
a church district under a bishop's authority
Person who presided over a priest, was a high church official responsible for everyone in his diocese
Original Sin
The corruption and guilt that the human race has inherited from Adam and Eve. The doctrine of original sin tells us that sin is universal, that it keeps reproducing, and that it is extremely hard to get rid of.
the sacred writings of the Christian religions
a sacrament admitting a baptized person to full participation in the church
a period of 40 weekdays from Ash Wednesday to Holy Saturday
any system of principles or beliefs
Agnus Dei
Lamb of God; Roman Catholic, Jesus
someone who believes and helps to spread the doctrine of another
an acrostic for the Greek phrase that means "Jesus Christ, Son of God, Savior" Also a fish