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Nixon & Vietnam

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Kennedy Family
Political Family, pushed for changes in the law regarding students with disabilities, Joe Jr died in battle, Bobby was an attorney general. Assassinated 1968, Eunice set up special Olympics,
John Fitzgerald Kennedy
35th President of the United States. Had an aggressive foreign policy and didn't focus on issues at home until later in his presidency, established the Peace Corps; assassinated in Dallas 1963. "Ask not what …
1960 Election
First media dominated election. JFK won. Nixon and JFK both focused on the 2 issues of boosting the economy and stopping the force of Communism. The media's role in the election helped Kennedy to…
New Frontier
The campaign program advocated by JFK in the 1960 election. He promised to revitalize the stagnant
Special Olympics
Program created by Eunice Shriver (JFK's sister); offered people with disabilities a chance to be physically competitive. On going to this day
Space Race
A competition of space exploration between the United States and Soviet Union.
berlin wall
A wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West
Peace Corps
set up by JFK as an effort to help out third world countries
bay of pigs
..., In April 1961, a group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to overthrow Fidel Castro. When the inva…
Cuban Missile Crisis
the US discovers nuclear missiles are on their way to cuba so they take action and the ships from russia turn around
Lee Harvey Oswald
A former marine and advocate of Fidel Castro, accused of murdering JFK with a rifle from the Texas School Book Depository.
Lyndon Baines Johnson (LBJ)
36th president took over after JFK was assassinated "war on poverty", Overpowering and intimidating, started many organizations to try to help end poverty
War on Poverty
President Lyndon B. Johnson's program in the 1960's to provide greater social services for the poor and
Medicare and Medicaid
(LBJ) Great Society programs to have the government provide medical aid to the elderly (Medicare) and the poor (Medicaid).
Head Start
Preschool program for kids coming from low- income families. Annalyn (page 746)
(LBJ) Department of Urban Development
Job Corps and VISTA
(LBJ) 16-21 get jobs, Volunteers in Service to America which sent volunteers to help people in poor communities
Water Quality and Clean Air
(LBJ) 1965 supported development of standards and goals for water and air quality
Highway Safety Act
(LBJ) supported highway safety by improving federal, state, and local coordination & by creating training standards for EMTs
Fair Packaging and Labeling Act
(LBJ) a federal law that makes it illegal to use unfair or deceptive packaging or labeling for certain consumer products.
Barry Goldwater
candidate against Johnson in the 1964 elections
Election of 1964 and Daisy Ad
Daisy Ad was a campaign commercial for LBJ, it was only aired once, it portrayed bombing, the election of 1964 , LBJ v. Barry goldwater who urged bombing of vietnam and radical programs. LBJ won by landslide
President Eisenhower
US President who sent military advisors to Vietnam and decided that the "Domino Theory" would be America's philosophy and reason for entering the Vietnam War
President Johnson
US President who took a major role in escalating the Vietnam War and was the first president to send troops
President Nixon
US President who created "Vietnamization" and began to take troops out of Vietnam
Ho Chi Minh
North Vietnamese communist leader
Geneva Accords
Agreement between French and Vietnamese that divided Vietnam into two separate countries
Domino Theory
President Eisenhower's theory that if Vietnam fell communist, other countries would also soon fall communist; like dominoes. Therefore, it was important to keep Vietnam from falling communist
French Indochina
(DDE) a French colony that included Vietnam , Laos, and Cambodia, but Vietminh captured the French fortress of Dien Bien Phy, North was a Communist State, south independent, they wanted to resist of Communism.
Ngo Dinh Diem
Corrupt, oppressive, and unpopular leader of South Vietnam. At first, he was supported by the US but was later overthrown and executed by his own government officials
1946 - 1954 an organization of Vietnamese Communists and other nationalist groups that fought for Vietnamese independence from the French
South Vietnam
Dien Bien Phu
A town of northwest Vietnam near the Laos border. The French military base here fell to Vietminh troops on May 7, 1954, after a 56-day siege, leading to the end of France's involvement in Indochina.
17th parallel
boundary between north and south vietnam
Gulf of Tonkin Incident and Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Alleged attack of US ships by North Vietnamese torpedoes in the Tonkin Gulf on August 4, 1964. Prompted the escalation of the War in Vietnam. Gave the US an excuse to declare war
Kent State
Ohio college where an anti-war protest got way out of hand, the Nat'l Guard was called in and killed 3 students (innocent & unarmed,wounded 9) in idiscriminate fire of M-1 rifles
Guerilla Warfare
When ordinary peasants hid and ambushed the French army; they attacked then fled; they had the support of the British
Agent Orange
spray on Vietnamese jungles; killed environment, making it harder for Viet Cong to hide; Caused cancer in many soldiers
Protests on the Homefront
Hawks vs Doves, "living room" wars, songs, college students protesting, overall protest from citizens
Operation rolling thunder
Bombing campaign in N. Vietnam on Ho Chi Minh Trail.
Ho Chi Minh Trail
Supply route from North Vietnam to Viet Cong in South Vietnam
Credibility gap
this was growing because of the difference between reports from the LBJ administration and TV footage of the Vietnam War
Tet Offensive
Surprise attack by NVA and Viet Cong on major cities in the South during a Vietnamese holiday; military victory for US, but political victory for V.C; was the turning point in the war
My Lai Massacre
American soldiers lined up Viet Cong (citizen) women, elders, and children and killed them
Protest music
Protest songs, one example being Bob Dylan's "Blowing in the Wind", a song in 1963, many of these songs posed questions about peace, war, and freedom.
Election of 1968
1968; McCarthy challenged LBJ, who was politically wounded by the Tet Offensive and the Vietnam War; LBJ stepped down from the running, and Kennedy and McCarthy were left on the Democratic ballot; but Americans tu…
Henry Kissinger (and Linkage)
The main negotiator of the peace treaty with the North Vietnamese; secretary of state during Nixon's presidency (1970s).
Program started by Nixon to make South Vietnam responsible for its own defense while slowly pulling US troops out of Vietnam
Pentagon Papers
Government documents that showed the public had been lied to about the status of the war in Vietnam