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Kennedy & Johnson Years

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Territories administered by western powers.
Alan Shepherd
Astronaut that made a 15 minute flight that reached an altitude of 115 miles but did not put him into
John Glenn
first American to orbit the earth
Lee Harvey Oswald
A former marine and advocate of Fidel Castro, accused of murdering JFK with a rifle from the Texas School Book Depository.
Warren Commission
Commission made by LBJ after killing of JFK, it was found that Oswald "acted alone" using a single-bullet theory as evidence.
He planned to spur the sluggish
What were some of the main economic initiatives of Kennedy's New Frontier Program?
The Housing Act of 1961
What were some of the main anti-poverty and equality proposals of Kennedy's New Frontier?
Place a manned space-craft in orbit
What were some of the main space exploration of Kennedy's New Frontier Program?
He appeared more relaxed and more at
Why did Kennedy win the first televised presidential debate versus Nixon?
Because he had a razor thin victory. pg 737-
Why did Kennedy lack a mandate after winning the presidential election?
Some of the successes of Kennedy's New Frontier
Describe some of the successes and failures of Kennedy's New Frontier.
What were the conclusions of the Warren Commission?
Oswald had acted alone in the shooting the President. Neither
mission had on the country?
Kennedy wanted to prove that the U.S was capable of going to the moon. The success of
Great Society
President Lyndon B Johnson's proposals for aid to public education, voting rights, conservative and
Head Start
Preschool program for kids coming from low- income families. Annalyn (page 746)
...Volunteers in Service to America, sent volunteers to help people in poor communities(Under Bush And Clinton
A program created/founded in 1965 that provides hospital and low-cost medical insurance to most
Provides low-cost health insurance coverage to poor Americans no matter how old that cannot get private
Immigration Act of 1965
An Act to amend the Immigration and Nationality Act, and for other purposes. (Page 747) Ben and
Miranda Rule
rule that police must inform persons accused of a crime of their legal rights pg 748 Hayden, Stuart
Briefly outline LBJ's rise to the presidency.
Became president after Kennedy was pronounced dead pg.744 Daniel & Abby
List the key goals of the Great Society.
Full civil rights for blacks and minorities, economic support for the
How did the Miranda Rule change law enforcement in the United State?
"It allowed suspects to be informed of their
Bay of Pigs Invasion
an embarissing attempt to overthrow Fidel Castro that was organized by the US
Fidel Castro
..., Cuban revolutionary leader who overthrew the corrupt regime of the dictator Fulgencio Batista in 1959 and soon after established a Communist state. He was prime minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976 and…
Organization founded in 1960 by college students to organize sit-ins and other nonviolent protests and offer young people a voice in the movement; became more radical in the late 1960s under the leadership of Stokely Carmichael
Freedom Ride
Bus trips taken by both black and white civil rights advocates in the 1960s. Sponsored by the Congress
James Meredith
United States civil rights leader whose college registration caused riots in traditionally segregated Mississippi.
city in alabama where violence towards african american nonviolent protests occured
March on Washington
Was one of the largest political rallies for human rights in uS history and called for civil and scone ices rights for African Americans
I have a dream speech
A speech given by Martin Luther King, Jr. at the demonstration of freedom in 1963 at the
Civil Rights Act 1964
This act made racial, religious, and sex discrimination by employers illegal and gave the
Freedom Summer
In 1964, when blacks and whites together challenged segregation and led a massive drive to register blacks to vote.
Fannie Lou Hamer
(1917-1977) bacame a SNCC field worker in 1963; helped found the MFDP; left SNCC in 1966 when
Voting Rights Act of 1965
A law designed to help end formal and informal barriers to African American suffrage. Under the law, hundreds of thousands of African Americans were registered and the number of African American elected officials increased dramatica…
Twenty-fourth Amendment
It outlawed taxing voters, i.e. poll taxes, at presidential or congressional elections, as an effort to remove barriers to Black voters.
Kerner Commission
a group that was appointed by President Johnson to study the causes of urban violence and that
Malcolm X
Militant civil rights leader
Nation of Islam
Syncretic new religious movement founded in Detroit by Wallace D. Fard Muhammad in July 1930s.
black power
A slogan used to reflect solidarity and racial consciousness, used by Malcolm X. It meant that equality could not be given, but had to be seized by a powerful, organized Black community., idea phrase…
Black Panthers
A black political organization that was against peaceful protest and for violence if needed. The organization marked a shift in policy of the black movement, favoring militant ideals rather than peaceful protest; "advocating self-rule for American blacks"
John F Kennedy
A very famous US president during the Cold War. He was killed by a man with a gun in the 1960's.
Richard M. Nixon
Eisenhower's vice presidential running mate
flexible response
President Kennedy's Cold War foreign policy
Peace Corps
set up by JFK as an effort to help out third world countries
Alliance for Progress
program under Kennedy and Johnson that increased US economic aid to Latin American nations that agreed to economic and social reforms. ($20 billion over 10 years).
Cuban Missile Crisis
the US discovers nuclear missiles are on their way to cuba so they take action and the ships from russia turn around
Nikita Khrushchev
For the first few years after Stalin's death in 1953, a group of leaders shared power. As time went by, however, one man did gain power. Like Stalin, he believed that communism would take …
hot line
direct telephone link created by Kennedy and Kruschev to allow leaders to communicate instantly in
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
July 1963 all powers except France and China agree to stop testing in atmosphere, space and
berlin wall
A wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West
New Frontier
The campaign program advocated by JFK in the 1960 election. He promised to revitalize the stagnant
Equal Pay Act
Act that requires men and women to be paid equally when they are doing equal work in the same
deficit spending
1. spending more money than it collects in taxes (this results in government debt)
Space Race
A competition of space exploration between the United States and Soviet Union.
War on Poverty
President Lyndon B. Johnson's program in the 1960's to provide greater social services for the poor and
Economic Opportunity Act
law enacted in 1964 that provided funds for youth programs antipoverty measures,
Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965
law that changed the national quota system to limits of 170,000 immigrants per
Mapp v. Ohio
Established the exclusionary rule was applicable to the states (evidence seized illegally cannot be
Gideon v. Wainwright
a landmark case in United States Supreme Court history. In the case, the Supreme Court
Miranda v Arizona
1966 Supreme Court decision that sets guidelines for police questioning of accused persons to