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Level 433

Postwar World

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Iron Curtain
A term popularized by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to describe the Soviet Union's policy of isolation during the Cold War. The barrier isolated Eastern Europe from the rest of the world.
Cold War
Series of events between U.S. and USSR where they compete for global dominance without directly fighting each other (capitalism vs. Communism)
berlin airlift
airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin
Marshall Plan
Marshall Plan Introduced by Secretary of State George G. Marshall in 1947, he proposed massive and systematic American economic aid to Europe to revitalize the European economies after WWII and help prevent the spread of Communism.
Created in 1949-Nations in Western Europe who were friendly towards the US.
Korean War
the 'Forgotten War'; 1950-1953
Great Leap Forward
Plan to rapidly industrialize China during the 1950's
Cultural Revolution
a social-political movement that took place in the People's Republic of China from 1966 until 1976. its stated goal was to preserve 'true' Communist ideology in the country by purging remnants of capitalist and traditional elements
Domino Theory
President Eisenhower's theory that if Vietnam fell communist, other countries would also soon fall communist; like dominoes. Therefore, it was important to keep Vietnam from falling communist
Khmer Rouge
Communist guerilla fighters in Cambodia
Zionist Movement
After WWII Jews moved to Israel
(Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) put an embargo on the US in the 1970s
Iranian Revolution
(1978-1979) a revolution against Mohammad Reza Shah of Iran led by the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, which resulted in Iran becoming an Islamic republic with Khomeini as its leader. Shah lost to the Ayatollah. Traditional Sh…
Partition of India
Muslims were sent to Pakistan and Hindus to India, caused chaos and rivalry
a system of legal racial segregation enforced by the National Party government in South Africa between 1948 and 1994, under which the rights of the majority black inhabitants of South Africa were curtailed and mino…
Fidel Castro
..., Cuban revolutionary leader who overthrew the corrupt regime of the dictator Fulgencio Batista in 1959 and soon after established a Communist state. He was prime minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976 and…
MAD Theory
if either side attacks, both would be destroyed (deterrence)
Cuban Missile Crisis
the US discovers nuclear missiles are on their way to cuba so they take action and the ships from russia turn around
Policy of openness initiated by Gorbachev in the 1980s that provided increased opportunities for freedom of speech, association and the press in the Soviet Union. Personal freedom- unbans media.
a policy initiated by Mikhail Gorbachev that involved restructuring of the social and economic status quo in communist Russia towards a free market based economy and society. Liberalize Communism in Russia. Fixed agricultural deficit. 1985-86.
berlin wall
A wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West
Tiananmen Square Massacre
(1989) where the pro-democracy movement in China failed
European Union
an organization whose goal is to unite Europe so that goods, services, and workers can move freely among member countries
free trade between United States, Canada, and Mexico
Rwandan Genocide
(1994) Hutus killed over ½ million Tutsis
green revolution
refers to a series of research and developement technology transfer initiatives; 40's-60's; agricultural productivity increased worldwide; created slums; small farmers lost land; food not efficiently circulated.