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Great Depression

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Black Tuesday
day the stock market crashed, signaling the start of the Great Depression
Great Depression
The economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s.
unable to pay debts
group of shacks in which homeless lived during the Great Depression
Bonus Army
veterans who marched to Washington in 1932 to demand immediate payment of a World War I bonus
bank holiday
Presidential closing of banks four days during the Great Depression to help recover
Hundred Days
first hundred days of Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency
New Deal
A government program that created large amounts of jobs aimed at ending the Great Depression.
Dust Bowl
a severe drought that struck the region. Heavy windstorms descended, transporting the dust in dense black clouds. These "black blizzards" were so dark that livestock were sometimes fooled into thinking that night had fallen.…
Black Cabinet
group of black leaders who unofficially advised President Franklin D. Roosevelt concerning the situation of African Americans
civil rights
the rights due to all citizens
a sustained increase in the price of goods and services over a period of time (think of an inflated balloon full of air)
a sustained decrease in the price of goods and services over a period of time (think of a deflated balloon there is no air)
occurs when people 16 years and older are out of work and are ACTIVELY seeking work.
Federal Reserve System
established in 1913 as the nation's central bank; makes decisions regarding this nation's money