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America Goes to War

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William Halsey
Allie leader who fought for control of the Solomon islands in the South Pacific
Chester Nimitz
United States admiral of the Pacific fleet during World War II who used aircraft carriers to destroy the Japanese navy (1885-1966)
Douglas McArthur
Commander in chief of US forces in the Pacific Theater of operations, left the Philippines, at night and in secret to avoid the Japanese, vowing "I shall return". Did return to recapture the Philippine islands in 1944.
Bataan Death March
Sick and malnourished American soldiers were forced to march 55 miles, put on a train that took them inland and forced to march 8 more miles to prison camps. Their Japanese captors showed no m…
Island hopping
WWII strategy of conquering only certain Pacific islands that were important to the Allied advance toward Japan
Battle Of The Coral Sea
A battle from May 4-8, 1942, in which U.S. naval forces successfully protected the Allied base at Port Moresby, New Guinea, the last Allied outpost standing between the Japanese onslaught and Australia. The battle, w…
Battle Of Guadalcanal
A campaign from August 1942 to February 1943 in which U.S. Marines fought brutal battles to expel Japanese forces from the Solomon Islands, a strategically important island chain in the South Pacific near Australia.
Battle Of Iwo Jima
A battle in February and March 1945 in which U.S. forces took Iwo Jima, a small but strategically important island off the Japanese coast. During the battle, an Associated Press photographer took a world-famous photog…
Battle of Leyte Gulf
What was the last ditch desperate Japanese attack that failed?
Battle Of Okinawa
The last large-scale battle in the Pacific theater, in which U.S. forces invaded the Japanese home island of Okinawa. The battle was very bloody, killing at least 100,000 Japanese soldiers and 80,000 to 100,000 Japanese civilians.
harry truman
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb
Little Boy and Fat Man
Name of the nuclear bombs dropped on Japan
Manhattan Project
The secret US project during World War II that made the first atomic bomb.
Japanese suicide pilots who loaded their planes with explosives and crashed them into American ships.
Invasion of Japan
Stalin promises what after Germany is defeated, August 15, 1281. 4,400 shipd and 150,000 warriors
Night of the Broken Glass --German mobs and the state police throughout destroyed Jewish property, burned synagogues, and terrorized Jews on November 9, 1938.
attempting to eliminate an entire group of people
Death Camps
Camps used under the rule of Hitler in Nazi Germany for the purpose of killing prisoners immediately.
Nuremburg Trials
Series of trials in 1945 conducted by an International Military Tribunal in which former Nazi leaders were charged with crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and war crimes