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U.S. Slavery, Abolition, Civil War, Reconstruction

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Missouri Compromise
1850- Slavery could not extend to states above the 36, 30 line.
Ordinance of Nullification
South Carolina declared the tariffs of 1828 and 1832 null and void and forbade the collection of those duties. In February, 1833, they threatened secession if federal bureaucrats tried to collect them.
Compromise of 1850
Before the War, Gave North and South part of what they wanted. (1) California admitted as free state, (3) resolution of Texas-New Mexico boundaries, (5) slave trade abolished in DC, and (6) new fugitive s…
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Popular book by Harriet Beecher Stowe focusing on the negatives of slavery.
Cannibals All
1857- (Slaves without Masters) George Fitzhugh used Bible as evidence to justify sla…
Kansas-Nebraska Act
1854 - Created Nebraska and Kansas as states and gave the people in those territories the right to chose to be a free or slave state through popular sovereignty.
Republican Party Formed
(1854) Happened because of the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Was built on free soilers and abolitionists.
Bleeding Kansas
(1856) a series of violent fights between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas who had moved to Kansas to try to influence the decision of whether or not Kansas would a slave state or a free state.
Bleeding Sumner
Charles Sumner, against slavery; Preston Brooks beat Sumner with a cane
Dred Scott Case
Supreme Court case which ruled that slaves are not citizens but are property, affirmed that property cannot be interfered with by Congress, slaves do not become free if they travel to free territories or sta…
Lincoln-Douglas Debates
1858 Senate Debate, Lincoln forced Douglas to debate issue of slavery, Douglas supported pop-sovereignty, Lincoln asserted that slavery should not spread to territories, Lincoln emerged as strong Republican candidate
John Brown's Raid
(1859) an incident in which abolitionist John Brown and others captured a federal arsenal in Harpers Ferry, Virginia, in hope of starting a slave rebellion. It failed. The South was afraid his raid would …
Election of 1860
Lincoln, the Republican candidate, won because the Democratic party in the South was split over slavery. As a result, the South no longer felt like it has a voice in politics and a numbe…
Emancipation Proclamation
Went into effect on 1/1/1863; ends slavery in rebelling states/areas of the Confederacy and turns the way into a war against slavery.
William Lloyd Garrison
published articles saying slavery is bad, from North
Frederick Douglas
escaped slave, writes article, spreads word against slavery
American Colonization Society
A Society that thought slavery was bad. They would buy land in Africa and get free blacks to move there. One of these such colonies was made into what now is Liberia. Most sponsors …
Stephen Douglas
Senator from Illinois, author of the Kansas-Nebraska Act and the Freeport Doctrine, argues in favor of popular sovereignty
Henry Clay
Distinguished senator from Kentucky, who ran for president five times until his death in 1852. He was a strong supporter of the American System, a war hawk for the War of 1812, Speaker of…
Daniel Webster
Famous American politician and orator. he advocated renewal and opposed the financial policy of Jackson. Many of the principles of finance he spoke about were later incorporated in the Federal Reserve System. Would later push for a strong union.
North vs. South
North Carolina was settled mostly by people from Virginia looking for new farmland to grow tobacco; South Carolina attracted settlers from the West Indies, England, and other parts of Europe, and grew indigo and rice using slave labor
Cotton Kingdom
Areas in the south where cotton farming developed because of the high demand for cotton
Anaconda Plan
Involved blockading Confederate ports to cut off cotton exports and prevent the import of manufactured goods; and using ground and naval forces to divide the Confederacy into three distinct theaters: The far western theater,…
War of Attrition
A war where both sides are roughly equally matched so victory comes only with wearing the other side down by constant attacks and heavy losses
Peninsula Campaign
Union General George B. McClellan's failed effort to seize Richmond, the Confederate Capital. Had McClellan taken Richmond and toppled the confederacy, slavery would have most likely survived in the South for some time.
Wilderness Campaign
A series of brutal clashes between Ulysses S. Grant's and Robert E. Lee's armies in Virginia, leading up to Grant's capture of Richmond in April of 1865. Having lost Richmond, Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Courthouse.
Sherman's March to the Sea
1864-1865 march to the sea, Sherman invades Geaorgia with 100,000 men and Johnson was defending with 60,000 and Sherman makes a rare tactical mistake and charges uphill where Johnson was controlling the high ground. …
13th Amendment
Outlaws Slavery (1865)
Personal Liberty Laws
pre-Civil War laws passed by Northern state governments to counteract the provisions of the Fugitive Slave Acts and to protect escaped slaves and free blacks settled in the North, by giving them the right to a jury trial.
Wilmot Proviso
1846- all the land captured from Mexico will be free, southern states vote it down
Popular Sovereignty
Let the people decide on whether slavery should be allowed in territories through voting.
Fugitive Slave Law
One term of Compromise of 1850- _______ which states property is property no matter where it goes, from now on all gov't officials have to assist in rounding up escaped slaves
Monitor vs. Merrimac
Civil War battle between two ironclad war ships
A northerner who went to the South immediately after the Civil War; especially one who tried to gain political advantage or other advantages from the disorganized situation in southern states;
southern whites who supported republican policy throught reconstruction
Black codes
1865-6 Southern laws that severely limited the rights of African Americans after the Civil War, Any code of law that defined and especially limited the rights of former slaves after the Civil War.- Primary pur…
Freedmen's Bureau
Organization run by the army to care for and protect southern Blacks after the Civil War
15th Amendment
Provided suffrage for Black males
Johnson's Impeachment
certain the tenure act was unconstitutional he fired the secretary of was stanton. house brough eleven charges of impeachment, nine were based on violation of the tenure act
Compromise of 1877
-Ended Reconstruction. Republicans promise 1) Remove military from South, 2) Appoint Democrat to cabinet (David Key postmaster general), 3) Federal money for railroad construction and levees on Mississippi river; as long as Hayes became the president
New South
term to describe the South in the late 1800s when efforts were made to expand the economy by building up industry, The rise of a South after the Civil War which would no longe…