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Level 378

Market Revolution

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Samuel Slater
He was a British mechanic that memorized the instructions for the manufacturing machinery, he moved to America and in 1791 invented the first American machine for spinning cotton. He is known as "the Fathe…
Cyrus McCormick
Born in Rockbridge County, Virginia in 1809, he was very interested in helping out the fellow farmer. In 1831, he revolutionized the farming industry by inventing the mechanical reaper. He later improved upon it…
Eli Whitney
invented the cotton gin
Robert Fulton
an American inventor, developed a boat pow- ered by a steam engine
Samuel F.B. Morse
Received a patent for the "taking wire" or telegraph that used a system of dot and dashes (morse code)
DeWitt Clinton
United States politician who as governor of New York supported the project to build the Erie Canal (1769-1828)
Catharine Beecher
Unmarried daughter of a famous preacher and sister of Harriet Beecher Stowe, who tirelessly urged women to enter the teaching profession.
George Catlin
This artist focused on the Native American lifestyle in the American West. He captured their villages, hunts and rituals.
industrial revolution
It involved , the replacement of human labor by machines and the urbanization of workers to handle the new machinery and work in assembly lines rather than as farmers
Limited Liability
This is a term that applies to the principles of the corporation. This started in a big way in the early 1800's for most Americans. It basically refers to the fact that a business …
Transportation Revolution
By the 1850s railroad transportation was fairly cheap and widespread. It allowed goods to be moved in large quantities over long distances, and it reduced travel time. This linked cities' economies together.
A policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones.
Cult of Domesticity
Used to describe the role of middle-class women during the late 19th century; women expected to keep the house clean, appear quiet, innocent, and sexually pure, and manage family's religious life
Ecological Imperialism
Aggressive and often heedless exploitation of Western America's natural resources- such as land and animals. Some animals, such as the beaver and buffalo- were hunted and killed almost to the point of extinction.
factory system
the change in production from handmade goods to goods made by machines
Market Revolution
The process that took place in nineteenth-century America in which an economy dominated by small farms and workshops was transformed into an economy in which farmers and manufacturers produced for a distant cash market…
Rendezvous System
The basis for the American fur-trapping industry, many traders ventured to the Rocky Mountains each summer to trade with fur-trappers and Indians for pelts in exchange for manufactured goods.
people who claimed free land granted by the US government with the Homestead Act.
Domestic Feminism
Women played a large part in decisions to have fewer children. This signified the growing power and independence of women, even while they remained wrapped in the "cult of domesticity."
A negative term for replacement workers during a strike.
interchangeable parts
Identical components that can be used in place of one another in manufacturing
Rugged Individualism
The philosophy that people need to take responsibility for themselves and not depend on other people or the government.
cotton gin
In 1793, Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin that removed the seeds from cotton mechanically
Fulton's steamboat (Originally called "Fulton's Folly") in 1807 which powered by a newly designed steam engine. It took the 32 hours to go 150 miles from New York to Albany.
Boston Associates
The Boston Associates were a group of Boston businessmen who built the first power loom. In 1814 in Waltham, Massachusetts, they opened a factory run by Lowell. Their factory made cloth so cheaply that w…
Clipper ships
Long, narrow, wooden ships with tall masts and enormous sails. They were developed in the second quarter of the 1800s. These ships were unequalled in speed and were used for trade, especially for transporting perish…
Molly Maguires
A secret Irish organization of coal miners in regions of western Pennsylvania and West Virgina in the mid to late 1800's. The miners worked together to achieve better working conditions, and when demands weren't …
General Incorporation Law
This was a law created to greatly help in "building" capitalism. It stated that businesspeople could create a corporation if they complied with the terms of the law. It was a great boost to capital…
Pony Express
A Mail carrying service; ran from 1860-1861, it was established to carry mail speedily along the 2000 miles from St. Joseph, Missouri, to Sacramento, California; they could make the trek in 10 days.
Commonwealth v. Hunt
1842 - Case heard by the Massachusetts supreme court. The case was the first judgement in the U.S. that recognized that the conspiracy law is inapplicable to unions and that strikes for a closed …
Tammany Hall
Gaelic (Irish) newcomers in 1800's that soon began to gain control of this and other powerful city machines.
Sewing Machine
Elias Howe- invented this in 1846.
Know Nothing Party
political party in the United States during the 1850's that was against recent immigrants and Roman Catholics