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Level 372

Monroe & the Era of Good Feelings

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Era of Good Feelings
A name for President Monroe's two terms, a period of strong nationalism, economic growth, and territorial expansion. Since the Federalist party dissolved after the War of 1812, there was only one political party and no partisan conflicts.
Henry Clay
Distinguished senator from Kentucky, who ran for president five times until his death in 1852. He was a strong supporter of the American System, a war hawk for the War of 1812, Speaker of…
John C. Calhoun
Which leader of the War Hawks loved war?
An economic system that allows for individual choice, where the government does not interfere with business.
American System
was a plan that called for National Bank, a Proticative Tariff, and Internal Improvement
Folk Art
Art made by Ordinary people instead of trained artists. It was simple, direct and very colorful.
Hudson River School
These painters focused on nature instead of people and were usually broad, scenic paintings.
John James Audubon
This artist focused on the beauty of birds. He painted 435 of them and his book Birds of America made him America's first internationally famous artist
George Catlin
This artist focused on the Native American lifestyle in the American West. He captured their villages, hunts and rituals.
Tariff of 1816
First tariff in American history instituted for protection rather than revenue.
Panic of 1819
land speculation, bank runs
Jacksonian mass democracy
poorer classes of small farmers deeply resented the power of the strong national government
Missouri Compromise of 1820
Missouri enters as a slave state; Main enters as a free state; slavery prohibited in the Louisiana Purchase territory north of the 36 30' line
Judicial Nationalism
John Marshall increases the power of the Supreme Court by checking the movement of states' rights and popular democracy
McCullouch v. Maryland 1819
Maryland tried to tax loans on a branch of the Bank of US; Marshall rules against the state endorsing the doctrine of "loose construction" and "implied powers" by the federal government
Cohens v. Virginia
right to review all decisions by the state supreme courts
Dartmouth College v. Woodward
Constitution protected contracts against attempts by a state to limit or change or end those contracts.; Daniel Webster, a Dartmouth alumnus, argued the case for the college.
John Quincy Adams
Secretary of State to Monroe
Jackson's invasion of Florida - 1818
Jackson invades to stop problems with Seminole Indians and fugitive slaves; he was told to respect the Spanish flag, but he took the cities of St. Marks and Pensacola
Adams-Onis Treaty
Spain gives us Florida and claims in Oregon for $5 million; US gives up claims in Texas territory
Monroe Doctrine 1823
US foreign policy establishing non-colonization: American continents are no longer subject to colonization; non-intervention: American continents are separate sphere from Europe and should be left alone; Isolationism: deepens American commitment to isolation for European affairs.