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Pre-Civil War Era

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The Antebellum Era
The era in the Southern United States preceding the Civil War and the culture of that era. Specifically, the era in the history of the Southern United States after the establishment of the U.S…
social reform
results of resolution
Dorthea Dix
Worked extensively in prison reform and to create special places for the mentally ill
Horace Mann
United States educator who introduced reforms that significantly altered the system of public education (1796-1859).
The Temperance Movement
This movement stressed the moderation and renunciation of drinking. This is significant as an idea that spread through the 2nd Great Awakening.
Frederick Douglass
One of the most prominent african american figures in the abolitionist movement, escaped from slavery in maryland. He was a great thinker and speaker. Published his own antislavery newspaper called the north star and w…
William Lloyd Garrison
published articles saying slavery is bad, from North
Sojourner Truth
United States abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women
Harriet Beecher Stowe
author of "Uncle Tom's Cabin"
The Underground Railroad
A network of abolitionists that secretly helped slaves escape to freedom by setting up hiding places and routes to the North.
Harriet Tubman
led many slaves to freedom on the Underground Railroad
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
fought for women's rights.
Susan B. Anthony
(1820-1906) An early leader of the women's suffrage movement, co-founded the National Women's Suffrage Association in 1869.
The Seneca Falls Convention
Seneca Falls, NY, 1848, the convention met and declared that women were equal to men and deserved voting rights
Elizabeth Blackwell
The first female graduate from medical school. She was part of the women's rights movement and helped educate women.
John Quincy Adams
Secretary of State to Monroe
John C. Calhoun
Which leader of the War Hawks loved war?
Henry Clay
Distinguished senator from Kentucky, who ran for president five times until his death in 1852. He was a strong supporter of the American System, a war hawk for the War of 1812, Speaker of…
Andrew Jackson
President from (1829-1833) and (1833-1837), Indian removal act, nullification crisis, Old Hickory," first southern/ western president," President for the common man, spoils system, trail of tears,
James Monroe
Who was the president when the Monroe Doctrine was passed?
James K Polk
President known for promoting Manifest Destiny.
Daniel Webster
Famous American politician and orator. he advocated renewal and opposed the financial policy of Jackson. Many of the principles of finance he spoke about were later incorporated in the Federal Reserve System. Would later push for a strong union.
American System
was a plan that called for National Bank, a Proticative Tariff, and Internal Improvement
Bank of the United States
A private bank, chartered in 1816 by proponents of Henry Clay's American System, that provided the fledgling United States with solid credit and financial stability in the 1820s and 1830s under the leadership of Nich…
Compromise Tariff of 1833
A tariff, proposed by Henry Clay, that ended the Nullification Crisis dispute between Andrew Jackson and South Carolina. The compromise tariff repealed the Tariff of Abominations and reduced duties on foreign goods gradually ov…
Know-Nothing Party
A party, known formally as the American Party, of nativist Americans who wanted to stop the tide of foreign immigrants from Ireland and Germany entering the United States in the 1840s and 1850s. The Know-Noth…
Liberty Party
A northern abolitionist party that formed in 1840 when the abolitionist movement split into a social wing and a political wing. The party nominated James G. Birney in the election of 1844 against Whig H…
Manifest Destiny
The belief the the U.S. not only had the divine (God-given) right, but that God meant for the U.S. to expand from coast to coast - from the Atlantic Ocean in the East to the Pacific in the West.
Missouri Compromise
1850- Slavery could not extend to states above the 36, 30 line.
Nullification Crisis
A crisis over the Tariff of 1828 (Tariff of Abominations), which was enormously unpopular in the South. Andrew Jackson's supporters pushed the tariff through Congress during John Quincy Adams's term, but when Jackson took off…
a political party that opposed James II
Panic of 1837
What was it called when banks and buisnesses failed, farmers lost land, And there was unemploymed factory workers?