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Level 354

Indian Removal

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Cherokee Indians
Native American tribe that lived in northwestern Georgia; forcefully removed from the state in the early 1830s
Creek Indians
Native American tribe that lived in southern Georgia; was removed from the state through treaties in the 1820s.
Dahlonega Gold Rush
Site of America's first gold rush in 1828; discovery of gold in the area was a factor in Cherokee removal
Indian Removal Act of 1830
act signed into law by Andrew Jackson that required the removal of the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole to Indian Territory.
Andrew Jackson
President from (1829-1833) and (1833-1837), Indian removal act, nullification crisis, Old Hickory," first southern/ western president," President for the common man, spoils system, trail of tears,
John Marshall
A federalist appointed by president John Adams as chief justice of the supreme court; ruled on many cases that would give the federal government more power over time
Alexander McGillivray
Creek Chief, who signed the Treaty of New York in 1790, which ended the Oconee War and gave all Creek land east of the Oconee River to the state of Georgia.
William McIntosh
Creek chief who illegally signed the Second Treaty of Indian Springs; was murdered by his tribesmen for this action.
John Ross
Cherokee chief who went to court in Georgia to protect the Cherokees' right to own their own land when the government gave the land to new settlers.
Second Treaty of Indian Springs
treaty signed by William McIntosh that gave the remainder of Creek land to Georgia; McIntosh was killed for this act.
George Gist, inventor of the Cherokee Syllabary.
the written language of the Cherokee Indians. Within one generation after it was invented, over 90% of the tribe was literate in the language.
Trail of Tears
(1838-39) an 800-mile forced march made by the Cherokee from their homeland in Georgia to Indian Territory; resulted in the deaths of almost one-fourth of the Cherokee people
Treaty of Indian Springs
An 1821 treaty signed by the Creek Indians and the United States that forced the Creek Nation to cede all of its lands east of the Flint River in Georgia.
Treaty of New Echota
a treaty between the U.S. Government and a minority representation of the Cherokee tribe that ceded all Cherokee land in the Southeast to the United States and allowed for their move to Indian territory (Oklaho…
Treaty of New York
treaty signed by the Creek Indians and the United States government that ceded land to the United States in return for allowing Creeks to punish non-Indian trespassers on Creek land.
Worcester vs. Georgia
landmark Supreme Court case which declared that the Cherokee were sovereign and not subject to the laws of the United States. However, Andrew Jackson refused to enforce the Court's decision and the Cherokee were later removed from Georgia.
Native American tribe that lived in northwestern Georgia; forcefully removed from the state in the early 1830s
Native American tribe that lived in southern Georgia; was removed from the state through treaties in the 1820s
Worcester v Georgia
case where the state of Georgia tried to remove the Cherokee Indians, but Congress said it was illegal to remove them off their own land
Indian Removal Act
Under Andrew Jackson's presidency; (1830) a congressional act that authorized the removal of Native Americans who lived east of the Mississippi River
Five Tribes
Native Americans native to Southeastern North America. Creek, Seminole, Chickasaw, Cherokee, Choctaw
Cherokee Nation v Georgia
1831 Supreme Court case dismissed for lack of jurisdiction. States can only be sued by foreign states and the Cherokee Nation was determined to not be a foreign state. Tribes had no court protection…
Worcester v Georgia
1832; federal case filed by Worcester who claimed that his family's removal was unlawful; Georgia law cannot be enforced on Native land; ruled in favor of Worcester; interactions between Native Americans and Georgia must be considered as international talks.
Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek
An 1830 treaty that gave more than 7.5 million acres (10,423,130 acres) of Choctaw land to the state of Mississippi and made them move off of their native land onto "Indian territory"
Indian Removal
The forced relocation of Native Americans from their lands in the southeast to land in Oklahoma, (1830) a congressional act authorized the removal of Native Americans who lived east of the Mississippi River
Seminole Wars
Indian resistance -Seminole refused to leave their land. Led by Osceola they fought 7 - year war against U.S. Army 1842 many Seminole were finally forced moved west. The Seminole were never completely defeated.
An influental leader with Seminoles in Florida. He led a small task force of warriors in Seminole revolt during 2nd Seminole War. The seminole resistance died off when Oceola was captured during a flag of peace.
Martin van Buren
As president he carried out the Indian removal policies made during Jackson's presidency. He ordered the forced removal of the Cherokees in what became known as the Trail of Tears.
Black Hawk
A chief of the Sauk and Fox tribes in Illinois who led his people back to their former home in Illinois and fought the state militia in what became known as Black Hawk's War.
Why was Louisville chosen as Georgia's capitol? (p. 543)
current capital was too far east and because it was centrally located at the time
Methodist and Baptist
What were the two largest church denominations in Georgia?
What are circuit riders? (p. 186)
ministers who went from church to church
Why was Atlanta once called Terminus?
because it is where the railroad ended
How did the railroad impact the development of Georgia? (p. 182)
they dramatically shortened travel time for both passengers and freight, reducing to hours trips that had previously taken days
What was the Indian Removal Act? (p. 197)
it called for all Native Americans to be moved to the western territories.
What is a land grant university? (p. 187)
a school for which the federal government donated the land
University of Georgia (UGA)
What was the first land grant university established in Georgia? (p. 187)
Explain the Headright system (p. 177)
a system off distributing land by which each white male as the "head" of a family had the "right" to receive up to 1000 acres.
Explain the land lotteries (p. 177)
For a small fee, any white male 21 years of age or older could buy a chance and, on a spin of a wheel, win land. Heads of households with children, war veterans, and wi…
Which capitol city was in Baldwin County and more convenient for the western part of the state? (p. 543)
Why did Georgia's capital change to Terminus?
because of the change in transportation whereby the Western and Atlantic Railroad ended at this location
to honor Governor Lumpkin's youngest daughter
Why was the capital city of Terminus's name changed to Marthasville in 1843?
Explain the Yazoo land fraud (p. 177)
the sale of western land to four land companies after the governor and members of the General Assembly had been bribed
Governor George Matthews
What governor was bribed in the Yazoo Land Fraud? (p. 177)
they were voted out of office by the public
What happened the legislators who were involved in the Yazoo Land Fraud? (p. 178)
How did the cotton gin impact the development of Georgia? (p. 181)
before the gin a worker might have been able to separate six or seven pounds of cotton seed a day by hand. After the gin's introduction, workers were able to separate about fifty poun…
Chief Alexander McGillvray
Who signed the Treaty of New York and agreed to give up all their land east of the Oconee River? (p. 195)
President _______ sent _______ to calm the insurrection -failed- Had 1300 troops to end the _______. When _______ arrived the rebellion had _______.
Creek Chief William McIntosh
Who signed the Treaty of Indian Springs ceding up the last Creek lands in Georgia to the federal government? (p. 196)
Governor George Troup
What governor worked out terms on the Treaty of Indian Springs with his cousin? (p. 196)