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Level 353

Land & Forest Policies

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1626 Plymouth Colony Ordinance
policy stating that timber was disallowed to be transported out of the colony without the governor or council's consent
1681 Pennsylvania Colony Ordinance
policy stating that 1 acre of forest be left for every 5 acres cleared in Pennsylvania
Broad Arrow Policy
a policy reserving all trees 24 or more inches in diameter not on private property to be considered property of the British crown
Land Ordinance of 1785
western lands divided into 6mile squares called townships
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Ordinance that was passed by Congress and set the rules of creating new states. This was for the large territory lying between the Great Lakes and the Ohio River. It granted limited self-government to…
Timber Culture Act of 1873
stated that settlers could receive 160 acres of public land by planting 40 acres of trees and maintaining them for a given period
Free Timber Act
stated that residents of 9 western states could cut timber for building, mining, and other purposes without charge to aid in farms or mineral claims development
Timber and Stone Act
stated that unoccupied, surveyed land, mainly valuable for timber or stone, but not agriculture, could be purchased in 160 acre tracts for $2.50/acre in Washington, Oregon, California, and Nevada
Morill Land Grant Acts
stated that states would receieve 30,000 acres of land per member of Congress to develop colleges and universities
Homestead Act of 1862
stated that citizens could file an application and then claim 160 acre tracts of land west of the Mississippi River for usage and settling
General Revision Act of 1891
gave the President the power to reserve lands, whether for commercial uses or not
Transfer Act of 1905
moved the control of the forest reserves to the Department of Agriculture
American Antiquities Act
gave the President the right to declare national monuments
National Park Act
created the National Park Service
Weeks Act of 1911
specified that the federal government could purchase lands on the headwaters of navigable streams and appropriated funds; said that the government could buy land for national forests only if the purchase would aid navigation
McSweeney-McNary Act
stated that research was at the same level of importance as timber and grazing
Clarke-McNary Act
authorized the purchase of land in the watersheds of navigable streams for timber production as well as streamflow production