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Level 327

Establishing a New Government 1777 to 1788

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Three-Fifths Compromise
counted each slave as three-fifths of a person for the purposes of determining a state's level of taxation and representation
Commerce Compromise
stated that only imported goods could be taxed; exported goods could not be taxed.
A philosophy of limited government with elected representatives serving at the will of the people.
Dividing the government's power between the national and state governments.
Checks and Balances
Not wanting any ONE branch to get too powerful, the Founding Fathers gave each branch certain ways to limit the power of the other two.
Popular Sovereignty
Let the people decide on whether slavery should be allowed in territories through voting.
Limited Government
The government only has certain powers that the people give it. For example, neither the Congress nor the President, nor the Courts have "unlimited" power to do whatever they want - they are "limited…
a change or update to the Constitution that allows for the Constitution keep with up with changes in the nation, the process is difficult to prevent constant changes that would create chaos
The process of approving the new U.S. Constitution. Special conventions held in each state to decide upon it.
those who supported the Constitution and a strong federal government, most numerous on Atlantic Coast
opponents of the Constitution who favored a stronger state government, small farmers and westerners
Federalist Papers
Key element in the Federalist campaign for the Constitution. This was a series of highly persuasive essays written for a New York newspaper by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay. The 85 essays, l…