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Revolution Begins

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First Continental Congress
colonies sent delegates to Philidelphia to decide h to react to Threats to their liberties.
The colonial militia of Lexington, which assembled on the village green to face the British after being warned. They also attacked British soldiers by the hundreds and fired at them from behind stone walls
Nickname given to the British soldiers because they wore red uniforms.
Second Continental Congress
Congress that met in Philadelphia in May 1775, which was divided between one group of delegates, mainly from New England, who thought the colonies should declare their independence, and another group, mainly from the mi…
Continental Army
Army authorized by the Continental Congress to fight the British; commanded by General George Washington.
George Washington
Unanimously chosen to be the leader of the Continental Army
The estimated 40% of the American population who joined actively in the struggle against Britain, in the Revolutionary War. The largest numbers were from the New England states and Virginia. Most of the soldiers …
Patrick Henry
A young member of the Virginia House of Burgesses Persuaded them to take action against the Stamp Act
Thomas Gage
deemed governor of Massachusetts after the Coercive Act
Paul Revere
The more renowned of the colonial riders who warned of the British march to Concord
William Dawes
A patriot who assisted Paul Revere in alerting colonists that the British were coming to Lexington.
The Battle of Lexington
April 19,1775-Led by Captian John Parker a group of 70 minutemen encountered British redcoats. 8 minutemen died.
Samuel Prescott
After Paul Revere was arrested, this patriot rode to warn the colonists that the British were marching onto Concord after defeating the militia in Lexington.
The Battle at Concord
This battle forced the British to retreat to Boston after the minutemen killed many of the Redcoats in Concord.
The Olive Branch Petition
The 2nd Continental Congress sent this to King George III as a sign of peace, but it was rejected by the King.
The Declaration of Rights
A list of 10 resolutions presented to King George III expressing colonists' right to "life, liberty, and property."
The Battle of Bunker Hill
A battle that was launched from Breed's Hill and was won by the British despite them losing twice the number of Patriot soldiers. It was considered a "tragic" victory for the British.
Benedict Arnold
American General who was labeled a traitor when he assisted the British in a failed attempt to take the American fort at West Point.
Dorchester Heights
An area that over-looked Boston from the south where General Washington used cannons to surround the British and forced General Howe and the Redcoats to leave Boston and retreat to Canada. The Patriots reclaimed Boston in victory.
King George III
King of England. The Declaration of Independence was written as a list of grievances against him.
Battle Of Lexington & Concord
First Battle of the Revolutionary War where the shot heard round the world was fired, started the war.
Shot Heard Round The World
Shot fired but an unknown soldier at the battle of Lexington and Concord that started the Revolutionary War
Olive Branch Petition
Petition sent in July 1775 to King George III, in which the colonies pledged their loyalty and asked the king to intercede with Parliament to secure peace and the protection of colonial rights
Thomas Paine
Author of Common Sense. Called for complete independence from Britian
Thomas Jefferson
drafted the Constitution; shared Locke's ideas
Declaration of Independence
This document stated that power came from the people (popular sovereignty) and listed the grievances (what we were mad about) and said that the United States was free from Great Britain
Abigal Adams
wife of John Adams at the 2nd Contintal Congress; tried to influence her husband John, to include women's rights in the Declaration
Declaration of Rights
10 demands sent to King George
American Colonists who wanted independence from Britain
The shot heard 'round the world
first shot fired in the Revolution
city was controlled by the British
Fort Ticonderoga
British fort in New York captured by Patriots.
Henry Knox
Patriot who hauled captured cannons to Boston
Battle of Bunker Hill
The British won the battle but suffered heavy losses (1,000 dead). The British learned that defeating the Americans would not be easy.
Tragic victory
British won the battle of Bunker Hill with heavy losses.
Retreat from Boston
What the British had to do.
A military tactic in which a place is surrounded and cut off from supplies in order to make them surrender.