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Level 283

Sugar Act, the Currency Act & the Stamp Act

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They felt that the colonists should help pay that debt.
How did king Goerge III and his prime minister George Grenville address Britain's huge debt after the French and Indian War?
Sugar Act of 1764
Revenue Act placed duties on foreign sugar and certain luxuries, chief purpose was to raise revenues, companion law provided for stricter enforcement of Navigation Laws
What about the Sugar Act irritated colonists?
Even though the Sugar Act actually lowered the duty on molasses coming into the colonies from the West Indies, this new regulation, unlike previous ones, was to be strictly enforced. Thus, it became more diffi…
How did the colonists react to the Navigation Acts?
Most Americans accepted regulations of trade such as the Navigation Acts as a part of mercantilism.
Currency Act
1764 Stopped colonial printing of paper money & forced colonists to pay in precious metals (often gold and/or silver)controlled by the crown.
Stamp Act of 1765
passed by George Grenville, required revenue stamps be placed on most printed paper in the colonists, all legal documents, newspapers, pamphlets, advertisements, first direct tax collected from those who used the goods, previously had been paid by merchants
James Otis The Rights of British Colonies Asserted and Proved
laid out the colonists' argument against the taxes and became a bestseller of the day. Otis put forward the "No taxation without representation" argument that later became a rallying cry of the Revolution.
virtual representation
representation in an assembly when the representative is not directly connected to or from their representing region
Virginia Stamp Act Resolves
Patrick Henry drafted the Virginia Stamp Act Resolves, protesting the tax and asserting the colonists' right to a large measure of self-government
What did Boston mobs do in response to the Stamp Act?
Burned the customs officers, tore down a customs house, and nearly destroyed the governor's mansion
declaration of independence
Declaratory Act
The American Colonies Act 1766: an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain. The declaration stated that Parliament's authority was the same in America as in Britain and asserted Parliament's authority to pass laws …