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Level 278

Uniting the Colonies

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When people decide they don't like their government and use violence to get rid of it so they can make a new government.
An official announcement
Betrayal or disloyalty to one's country
The position of having no competition in a given trade or market.
Commander in Chief
A person who is in control of all the armed forces of a nation.
Olive Branch
An ancient symbol of peace.
A hired soldier.
What did Napoleon set up to prevent all communication and trade with his enemy Great Britain
an act of voluntarily abstaining from using, buying, or dealing with a person, organization, or country as an expression of protest, usually for social or political reasons. Sometimes, it can be a form of consumer activism.
To feed and provide shelter.
A partner in an alliance; a friend, especially in times of war.
When two people or countries decide that they will be friends and will defend each other.
Bill of Rights
Recognized by William and Mary which limited the powers of the monarchy, prohibited Catholics from occupying he throne and guaranteed the role of Parliament in government
A formal request for government action
France & Britain
Which two countries fought against each other in the French and Indian War?
Fort Necessity
Washington feared retaliation, so he made his men fortify their position. Attacked by the French and the Indians
What were the two countries fighting over in the French and Indian War? Why?
Britain and France were fighting over control of the Ohio Valley. Both countries believed the Ohio Valley belonged to them because of earlier exploration and settlement.
Who did most Native Americans side with in the French and Indian War? Why?
Most Native Americans sided with the French in the the French and Indian War because they already had good relationships. The French and Native Americans had traded furs for years, and many French men married Native American women.
Describe the Albany Plan of Union.
The Albany Plan of Union was presented by Benjamin Franklin. The plan proposed that all the colonies, except for Georgia, unite under one government.
The Iroquois Native Americans
Who were Britain's allies in the French and Indian War?
He was an adviser to British General Braddock.
What was George Washington's role in the French and Indian War?
What was a major cause of General Braddock's loss?
Braddock and his soldiers wore bright colored uniforms, and they tried to fight in the open, while the French and Native Americans fired at the British from behind trees and boulders.
The British
Who won the French and Indian War?
The Treaty of Paris
Britain would recognize the Existence of the US as an independent nation.
Canada, Florida, and the Ohio Valley.
What parts of North America were given to Britain in the Treaty of Paris?
What effect did the Treaty of Paris have on France?
France gave most of its land in North America to Spain and Britain.
What caused Pontiac's Rebellion?
After Britain won claim to the Ohio Valley, many colonists started moving onto the land. This angered many Native Americans, Chief Pontiac in particular. Chief Pontiac wanted to stop the colonists from moving onto t…
How did the Proclamation of 1763 affect Native Americans?
The Proclamation of 1763 prevented colonists from moving into the Ohio Valley, and forced colonists who had already moved there to leave. The Ohio Valley would only be used by Native Americans.
How did the Proclamation of 1763 affect colonists?
The proclamation of 1763 angered colonists. Colonists felt that the proclamation took away their right as British citizens to travel where they wanted.
Why did Britain begin taxing the colonists?
To pay for the debt left from the French and Indian War.
Describe the Sugar Act.
The Sugar Act added a tax on sugar and other goods coming into the colonies from other places.
Describe the Stamp Act.
The Stamp Act placed a tax on all printed materials such as newspapers, almanacs, pamphlets, legal documents, insurance policies, etc.
Describe the Townshend Acts.
The Townshend Acts placed taxes on lead, glass, paint, paper, and tea brought into the colonies.
How did colonists respond to the new taxes?
Colonists felt they had no voice in passing the tax laws, which angered them. As a result, they protested and boycotted British goods.
What caused the Boston Massacre?
Colonists were angry that British soldiers were stationed in their cities, and the soldiers were not very kind to the colonists.
Describe the Boston Tea Party.
Colonists were angry over the taxes that Britain had placed on the tea, and they refused to accept any products from Britain that had a tax on it. To show their opposition, colonists jumped ab…
What did the Boston Port Bill do?
As punishment for throwing all of the tea overboard, Britain closed the port of Boston until the colonists paid for the destroyed tea.
Describe the Massachusetts Government Act.
British Parliament passed this Act just after the Boston Port Bill. The Massachusetts Government Act stopped the Massachusetts legislature from making laws and banned town meetings not authorized by the governor.
Why did the First Continental Congress meet? What did they develop?
The First Continental Congress met to discuss ways the colonies should respond to the growing British threat. The colonists at the meeting developed a petition to be sent to the king of England wi…
Why did the British go to Lexington and Concord?
To arrest John Hancock and Samuel Adams, and to find the weapons the Minutemen had stored.
Revere warned the colonists that the British soldiers were coming.
What was Paul Revere's role in the fighting at Lexington and Concord?
How did the Second Continental Congress prepare for war?
The Second Continental Congress hired full-time soldiers, they asked George Washington to be the commander in chief of the army, they asked each colony to contribute money to help pay for supplies, and they pri…
What was the cause of the Battle at Bunker Hill?
British troops were angry with the colonists after learning they were building earthworks near Boston, so they went to the hill and fired their weapons on the colonists.
How did the British prepare for war following the Battle at Bunker Hill?
King George III called for the British army in the colonies to be enlarged. He hired German mercenaries to help fight in the war, and he called on Britain's Native American allies to help as well.