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Level 249

East & West in the Grip of the Cold War

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Cold War
Series of events between U.S. and USSR where they compete for global dominance without directly fighting each other (capitalism vs. Communism)
U.S. foreign policy that was supposed to keep communism from spreading
Iron Curtain
A term popularized by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to describe the Soviet Union's policy of isolation during the Cold War. The barrier isolated Eastern Europe from the rest of the world.
Truman Doctrine
Truman Doctrine 1947 - Stated that the U.S. would support any nation threatened by Communism.
berlin airlift
airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin
Marshall Plan
Marshall Plan Introduced by Secretary of State George G. Marshall in 1947, he proposed massive and systematic American economic aid to Europe to revitalize the European economies after WWII and help prevent the spread of Communism.
Created in 1949-Nations in Western Europe who were friendly towards the US.
Warsaw Pact
Created in 1955-Nations in Eastern Europe who were dominated by the USSR.
satellite nations
Countries dependent upon and dominated by the Soviet Union
united nations
An international organization formed after WWII to promote international peace, security, and cooperation.
arms race
Cold war competition between the U.S. and Soviet Union to build up their respective armed forces and weapons
38th Parallel
Dividing line between North and South Korea. Ended in stalemate.
Domino Theory
President Eisenhower's theory that if Vietnam fell communist, other countries would also soon fall communist; like dominoes. Therefore, it was important to keep Vietnam from falling communist
berlin wall
A wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West
harry truman
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb