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General in the U. S. Army who helped lead the allies to victory in the battle of the bulge during WWII.
General Dwight D. Eisenhower
An American, he was the Supreme Allied Commander in Europe during WWII. He led the allied invasion of North Africa and planned and executed the D-Day invasion at Normandy and the battle of the budge.
emperor of Japan during WWII. his people viewed him as a god
House Un-American Activies Committee (HUAC)
(HUAC) A committee formed in the House of Representatives in the 1930s to investigate radical groups in the United States. It focused largly on the search for Communists.
He helped creat the political phylosophy of Communism. He thought society was driven by class conflict (bourgeoisie and proletariat) and would eventually become Communist natually.
General Douglas MacArthur
United states general during the Great Depression, World War ll and Korean War. Was forced by Truman to resign in 1951 (pg. 66) -Alex
Considered the first Cold War alliance, it joined Latin American nations, Canada, and the United States in an agreement to prevent Communist inroads in Latin America and to improve political, social, and economic conditions a…
Dwight D. Eisenhower
..., (1953-1957) and (1957-1961), when elected President, he was the most popular American; "I like Ike!" button. Modern Republicanism---didn't undo the New Deal of the Democrats. Called "The Republican's Choice" . He was the comma…
One hundred more times more powerful than the atomic bomb. Truman ordered the development of it to outpace the Soviets.
George C. Marshall
The army general during World War II who orchestrated the Allied victories over Germany and Japan, and later Secretary of State who developed the Marshall Plan in 1947, a program of massive aid for the reconstruction of Europe.
Leader of the Nationalist Party after Sun Yat-sen
He was a U.S. Senater who led a hunt for Communist in the movie industry, labor unions, State Department, and the UN.
Richard M. Nixon
Eisenhower's vice presidential running mate
William J. Levitt
built new communities in the suburbs after WWII using mass production techniques
United States pediatrician whose many books on child care influenced the upbringing of children around the world (1903-1998)
protests by black college students, 1960-1961, who took seats at "whites only" lunch counters and refused to leave until served; in 1960 over 50,000 participated in sit-ins across the South. Their success prompted the forma…
A slogan used to reflect solidarity and racial consciousness, used by Malcolm X. It meant that equality could not be given, but had to be seized by a powerful, organized Black community., idea phrase…
a series of political protests against segregation by Blacks and Whites who rode buses together through the American South in 1961
Nation of Islam
Syncretic new religious movement founded in Detroit by Wallace D. Fard Muhammad in July 1930s.
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
Founded in 1942, it used nonviolent ways to end racism. Later it made way for the civil rights movement a decade later. -Jack
de facto segregation
Segregation resulting from economic or social conditions or personal choice.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
A federal law that authorized federal action against segregation in public accommodations, public facilities, and employment.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
In 1957 this group was founded by Martin Luther King Jr. to fight against segregation using
Voting Rights Act of 1965
A law designed to help end formal and informal barriers to African American suffrage. Under the law, hundreds of thousands of African Americans were registered and the number of African American elected officials increased dramatica…
Civil rights leader which refused to give up her seat on the whites bus and thus created a civil rights movement.
March on Washington
Was one of the largest political rallies for human rights in uS history and called for civil and scone ices rights for African Americans
de jure segregation
Racial segregation that is required by law
An organization with both African Americans and white Americans as members.
A peaceful way of protesting against restrictive racial policies.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas (1954)
Supreme Court ruled that segregated schools were unconstitutional, and that seperate but equal is unconstitutional.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
381 days where blacks carpool and busses almost go bankrupt until they are desegregated by Supreme Court
The act of uniting or bringing together, especially people of different races.
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee [SNCC]
The American Civil Rights Movement formed by students whose purpose was to coordinate a nonviolent attack on segregation and other forms of racism.
The use of obstructionist tactics, especially prolonged speech-making, for the purpose of delaying legislative action.
A procedure used in the Senate to limit debate on a bill
It outlawed taxing voters, i.e. poll taxes, at presidential or congressional elections, as an effort to remove barriers to Black voters.
A belief in the separate identity and racial unity of the African American community.
United States civil rights leader whose college registration caused riots in traditionally segregated Mississippi.
Organization which fought for civil rights for African Americans, mainly through court cases (behind the Brown v. Board of Education case)
National Urban League
Nonpartisan civil rights organization based in NYC that advocates on the behalf of African American and against racial discrimination.
A long-time labor leader who organized and led the first important unskilled workers labor union, called in to represent union during sit-down strikes.
Eugene "Bull" Connor
Birmingham police commissioner who arrested over 900 marching kids and directed the fire station to blast them with fire hoses and let police dogs loose on them.
A black political organization that was against peaceful protest and for violence if needed. The organization marked a shift in policy of the black movement, favoring militant ideals rather than peaceful protest; "advocating self-rule for American blacks"
He spread ideas of black nationalism, and disagreed w/ both the tactics and goals of the early civil rights movement. A minister of the nation of Islam, he rejected his original name because it was his family's slave name.
He was the first African American to play major league baseball. He broke the color barriers, in sports, in 1947.
He was the first African- American to receive a doctorate from Harvard. He was a founding member of the NAACP, and served as the director of publicity and research in that organization.
Plessey Vs. Ferguson
This was an 1896 case in which the court ruled that segregation of the races was legal in public places as long as it was "separate but equal".
Leader of the nation of Islam from 1945 to his death in 1975. He helped many people and was a strong advocate of civil rights, but was involved in some shady activities and lost…
He was an Indian leader who used nonviolence to oppose the British rule of India. Martin Luther King Jr. was influenced by his teachings on nonviolence.
Letter from Birmingham Jail
Dr. King argued that the citizens have "a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws."
Martin Luther King Jr
An American pastor, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement.
American civil rights lawyer, first black justice on the Supreme Court of the United States; an advocate for the rights of minorities and the poor.
A march that was attempted three times to protest voting rights, with many peaceful demonstrators injured and killed. Led by MLK. Resulted in Voting Rights Act.
One of SNCC's most influential leaders; Harvard graduate, soft spoken teacher from Harlem,
Little Rock Arkansas
This was the city that, in 1957, had protests around the Central high school because they admit 9 black students as a part of enforcing brown Vs. bored of education. The National Guard ha…
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
The equal right of all citizens to the opportunity to obtain employment regardless of their gender, age, race, country of origin, religion, or disabilities.