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World War II - Part III

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Yalta Conference
February 1945, war against Germany and Japan was still ongoing, but war was considered pretty much over
What was the goal of carpet bombing? What advantage did carpet bombing have over conventional bombing on Germany?
To drop bombs from planes in a wide area. That with carpet bombing you could destroy a lot more things other than just one thing.
Explain why Stalingrad and the Battle of the Bulge marked two different turning points for Germany during the war.
Wil, Stalingrad marked The soviets unions thrashing of Germany with the help of winter weather and The Battle of the Bulge Germany choked their advantage, the us began the ally conquer again and the …
Prejudice against Jews
The Master, Nordic race
The elite, ultra-loyal, bodyguards for Hitler
concentration camp
A prison where people work very hard and are given very little food. They work so hard that they usually die in a short time.
Night of the Broken Glass --German mobs and the state police throughout destroyed Jewish property, burned synagogues, and terrorized Jews on November 9, 1938.
Warsaw Ghetto
place with a wall with barbed wire and guarded by Germans. Jews received little food, overcrowded, and a lack of sanitation, which lead to diseases.(p. 611)- Shaylan
Death camp
in WWII, a German camp created solely for the purpose of mass murder. Jay
War Refugee Board
Created by Roosevelt, to help people threatened by Nazis. Despite it's late start, these programs helped save some 200,000 lives. With Funding from this program helped a Swedish diplomat rescue thousands of Hungarian Jew…
How did the United States respond to the news of the Holocaust during the war?
They thought that what they heard about the holocaust was exaggerated. They also had the "none of our business" attitude about the manner.
Geneva Convention
Stated the acceptance of international standards the Geneva Convention said" Prisoners of wat at time should be humanely treated and protected against acts of violence. -Rico.
Importance of Aircraft Carriers in WWII
Aircraft carriers could deliver planes closer to battles. (armed forces museum) - Colin
The Doolittle Raid
an air raid by the U.S. on Tokyo on April 18, 1942. was the first air raid to strike the Japanese Home Islands
Admiral Yamamoto Isoroku
Japanese Marshal Admiral for the Japanese Navy during World War II . -Lauren
General Douglas MacArthur
United states general during the Great Depression, World War ll and Korean War. Was forced by Truman to resign in 1951 (pg. 66) -Alex
Island Hopping Campaign
crossing an ocean by a series of shorter journeys between islands, as opposed to a single journey directly across the ocean -Skylar
Robert Oppenheimer
The supervisor for the Manhattan Project which was the project to build a new deadly bomb before the Germans did-Brian
How did the Allies turn the tide of the war in the Pacific?
The destruction of four Japanese airplanes crippled the Japanese allowing the allies to dominate. LANDON and SHAYLAYN
What effects did the dropping of atomic bombs have?
The force of the blast of intense heat annihilated residents and the city's center in an instant. Fires were spread by powerful winds and radiation sickness occurred. pg. 621 - Stuart, Kayla
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
Founded in 1942, it used nonviolent ways to end racism. Later it made way for the civil rights movement a decade later. -Jack
Executive Order 9066
signed on February 19, 1942 by President Roosevelt, authorized the Secretary of War to establish military war zones, and remove "any or all persons" from the zones. ~Abby, Sydney
Japanese-American Internment
Camps where japanese-americans were confined in camps during world war II. Daniel
Korematsu v the United States (1944)
A Supreme court case in 1944 where Fred Toysaburo Korematsu, a defense plant worker, was arrested for refusing to report to a relocation center. Korematsu appealed, saying that his civil rights had been violated.
Congressional Compensation and Apology (1988)
Congress passed a law awarding each surviving Japanese American internee a tax-free payment of $20,000. More than 40 years later the US government apologized. (pg. 627) Hayden and Anna
What challenges did women confront when taking jobs outside the home?
they faced challenges of disrespect and they did not earn equal amounts of money as the men - Leah and Ben
What were some benefits of wartime jobs for women?
Officials agreed to allow women to serve in the military in almost all areas except combat. Back at home, women who previously had been housewives were working in factories for the war production effort. (pg. 595)- Miles and Ross
Hideki Tojo
(1884-1948) Active in the Japanese army, he became the minister of war, and, later, Japanese prime minister in October 1941. With his aggressive foreign policy, he ordered the attack on Pearl Harbor on Dec…
Adolph Hitler
A very crude leader that took advantage of a disillusioned and depression-stricken nation. After the Treaty of Versailles blamed Germany for WWI, Hitler led the nation into WWII under the "big lie." He w…
Marshall Plan
Marshall Plan Introduced by Secretary of State George G. Marshall in 1947, he proposed massive and systematic American economic aid to Europe to revitalize the European economies after WWII and help prevent the spread of Communism.
G.I. Bill of Rights
Also known as Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 gave money to veternas to study in colleges, universities, gave medical treatment, loans to buy a house or farm or start a new business
Pearl Harbor Attack
Dec 7 1941; Japanese attack American naval base and airforces in Oahu; US declares war on japan, Italy and Germany declare war on US
Japanese American Internment
Roosevelt signed a document Feb. 19,1942 stating that all people of Japanese ancestry from California and parts of Washington, Oregon, and Arizona, needed to be removed. Put them in internment camps because of their …
British air force
Royal Air Force R.A.F.
Iwo Jima (Okinawa)
The last two strategically important islands held by the Japanese in the War in the Pacific. The Japanese lost more than 130,000 men defending the islands they considered as the gateway to their homeland,…
The spreading of ideas to support the war effort or damage the opposing cause.
Non Agression Pact
Germany and the Soviet Union signed this pact and promised not to attack each other. Germany offered Stalin control of Eastern Poland and the Baltic States.
Rome-Berlin Axis
1936; close cooperation between Italy and Germany, and soon Japan joined; resulted from Hitler; who had supported Ethiopia and Italy, he overcame Mussolini's lingering doubts about the Nazis.
Selective Service Act
Law passed by Congress in 1917 that required all men from ages 21 to 30 to register for the military draft
Women's Army Corps; had about 140,000 members; including nurses; female officers were not allowed to command men; banned from combat duty.
Rosie the Riveter
Advertising campaign character during WWII to encourage women to take factory jobs
..., Glorifying military spirit, ideals and warfare.
League of Nations
An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace.
Invasion of Normandy
..., June 6, 1944. This was a very carefully planned operation under the command of General Eisenhower. False intelligence reports led the Germans to expect the landings to be at Calais. In fact, they …
Omar Bradley
lead the first American army to land in France
Chester A. Nimitiz
Commanded the Pacific fleet during WWII and eventually represented the US when the apanese surrendered aboard the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay
George Patton
Led the allied forces dring the invasion of North Africa, Sicily and Italy
turning point
..., the point in a work in which a very significant change occurs
Navajo Code
..., Native Americans from the Navajo tribe used their own language to make a code for the U.S. military that the Japanese could not desipher
Selective Service
First official draft of the US
Things that citizens of a country do during a war to help the war effort, without being part of the military.
multiple-front war
WWII was fought on the eastern and pacific front
Office of War Information
..., established by the government to promote patriotism and help keep Americans united behind the war effort.
the act of confining someone into a prison or camp
united nations
An international organization formed after WWII to promote international peace, security, and cooperation.
Quarantine Speech
Speech given by FDR in 1937 stating that America set an international "quarantine of the aggressor nations."
Kellogg-Briand Pact
Was signed in order to resolve "disputes or conflicts of whatever nature or of whatever origin they may be, which may arise among them." Essentially made war illegal.
Hoover-Stimson Note
gien in 1932 as a response to Japanese invasion of China, it reflected American disdain for aggressive territorial gains and promised that the US would not recognize any treaties or new territories acquired by force
Johnson Debt Default Act
1934- prohibited any loans ( including private ones) to any government that had defaulted on its World War I debts to the United States
Four Freedoms
speech given by FDR in 1941 in which he stated the world should be made safe for the freedom of speech, worship, from want, and from fear
Washington Conference
conference to reach an agreement to limit naval build up
became Chancellor of Germany in 1933
communist leader of the Soviet Union during WWII; sent enemies of the state to gulags in Siberia
founded fascism and ruled Italy for almost 21 years, most of that time as dictator. He dreamed of building Italy into a great empire, but he led his nation to defeat in World Wa…
Attack on Pearl Harbor
December 7, 1941, led to America's involvement in WWII, day that will live in infamy
Roosevelt during the Depression and WWII. He instituted the New Deal. He was the only president in U.S. history to be elected to four terms
Prime Minister and military leader of Japan during WWII
American general, he commanded U.S troops in the southwest Pacific during WWII and administered Japan after the war ended. He later commanded UN forces at the beginning of the Korean War, until he was removed by President Truman.
Japanese Internment
Japanese-Americans on the west coast were forced into detainment centers because where were seen as a threat to United States security
Korematsu vs. United States
Supreme Court ruled that wartime conditions justified the limitations on civil liberties
were granted new job oppurtunities
Minorities during the war at home
Cornelia Fort
Nashville woman who became a transport pilot in World War II. She was the first woman pilot killed in duty.
Bracero Program
US hiring of Mexican workers during WWII
Camp Forrest
POW camp in the US
Fort Campbell
home to the 101st airborne - Screaming Eagles
Bond Drives
gain financial support for the war
442nd Regimental Combat
made up of Japanese-American soldiers and most decorated unit in military history
Decision was made to divide Germany into four economic zones after WWII
Invasion of Poland
start of WWII, Sept 1, 1939
naval battle in which America defeated the Japanese and became the supreme naval power in the Pacific; June 4-7, 1942
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
cities in which the United States dropped bombs on Aug 6 and 9, 1945
A four-wheeled vehicle created for WWII.
The name of a Japanese fighter plane.
Kermit Tyler
He mistook a Japanese air raid for an incoming flight of U.S. planes.
mass production
Process of making large quantities of a product quickly and cheaply
Their labor, used in building the means of war, was critical to the Allied victory.
These shells leave a glowing magnesium trail to improve aim.
A frequent target of American B-17 bombers.
An early use of computing machines.
During World War II barracks were racially...
Donations of this saved many soldiers in Operation Overlord.
dog tags
They were taped togther to keep noise down.
barrage balloon
Equipment used to keep German aircraft from strafing Allied troops.
atomic bombs
Two of these ended the war with Japan.
The US scientist who was the father of the atomic bomb.
Flying Tigers
the 1st American Volunteer Group that fought in China during World War II.
Korematsu v. US
1944 Supreme Court case where the Supreme Court upheld the order providing for the relocation of Japanese Americans. It was not until 1988 that Congress formally apologized and agreed to pay $20,000 2 each survivor
Vernon Baker
He was a US Army officer who received the United States military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his actions in WW II. He was awarded the medal for his actions on April …
Hiroshima/ Nagasaki
Two Japanese cities on which the U.S. dropped the atomic bombs to end World War II.