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Level 186

World War I

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Primary causes of WWII
Japanese and German expansionist actions in Asia and Europe
Changes in US homefront during WWII
Women and minorities entered the workforce, the US economy recovered from the Great Depression, the federal government grew in size and power, Americans rationed goods, bought war bonds, and rationed goods
Rosie the Riveter
Advertising campaign character during WWII to encourage women to take factory jobs
Double V campaign
African Americans fought for victory against the Axis powers abroad and victory against racism at home
Battle of Bulge
This battle was the German's last major offensive in World War II. The Allies pushed the Germans back and won.
atomic bomb
A BIG bomb that can destroy cities.
A form of government in which individual freedoms are denied and complete power is given to the government.
A leader who has complete control of a country and who kills anyone who disagrees with him.
Manhattan Project
The secret US project during World War II that made the first atomic bomb.
Battle of Midway
U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in the Pacific theater of World War II.
Allowed America to sell, lend, or lease arms or other war supplies to any nation considered "vital to the defense of the U.S."
Restricting the amount of food and goods people may buy.
Tuskegee Airmen
First African American fighter pilots.
The largest invasion force in history led by Eisenhower.
V-E day
Victory in Europe Day celebrated the official defeat of the Nazis and end of WWII in Europe on May 8th, 1945.
V-J Day
Victory over Japan Day was the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945
Axis Powers
Japan, Italy, and Germany in World War II.
ally=friend Allies= US, UK, France, and Soviet Union
Joseph Stalin
He tried to crush all opposition and ruled as the absolute dictator of the U.S.S.R. until his death.
Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Germany
Dwight Eisenhower
Supreme Commander of the Allied forces in Europe during World War II leader of troops in Africa and commander in D-Day invasion. President in the 1950s
Hedeki Tojo
Prime minister of Japan and military leader during WWII, later executed for war crimes.
Mein Kampf
Hitlers book that he wrote in prison in which he lays out his plan to take control of Germany, no one took it seriously when in retrospect they really should have.
Serviceman's Readjustment Act
Known as the GI bill, it provides Veterans of WWII with unemployment insurance and money for housing and college.
German Air Force
Nuremberg trials
(1945) A series of court proceedings held in Germany after World War II in which Nazi leaders were tried for aggression, violations of the rules of war, and crimes against humanity. Many were convicted and received the death penalty.
Pearl Harbor
military base settled by US in Hawaii
Nagasaki and Hiroshima
Atomic bombs were dropped on these Japanese cities during WWII
Final solution
Hitler's program of systematically killing the entire Jewish community in German held territories
Little Boy and Fat Man
two atomic bombs dropped on Nagasaki and Hiroshima. The bombing marked the beginning of the age of nuclear warfare
Giving in to prevent war.
Night of the Broken Glass --German mobs and the state police throughout destroyed Jewish property, burned synagogues, and terrorized Jews on November 9, 1938.
Lighting war -- a typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces to take control of Poland and other European countries in 1939.
Harry S Truman
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb.
Japanese suicide pilots who loaded their planes with explosives and crashed them into American ships.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President - He implemented the New Deal programs to help the nation out of the Great Depression, and he was the nation's leader during most of WWII
Third Reich
The Third Republic of Germany which began with Hitler's rule in 1933 and ended with his defeat in 1945
Nonaggression Pact
1939-Secret agreement between German leader Hitler and Soviet Leader Stalin not to attack one another and to divide Poland
1945 Meeting with US president FDR, British Prime Minister(PM) Winston Churchill, and and Soviet Leader Stalin during WWII to plan for post-war
Battle of Britain
An aerial battle fought in WW II in 1940 between the German Luftwaffe (Air Force) and the British Royal Air Force. The Germans carried out extensive bombing raids against Britain, which offered successful resistance.
Area of Czechoslovakia, given to Hitler, containing people who spoke German.
A poor, densely populated city district occupied by Jews linked together by economic hardship and social restrictions
concentration camp
A prison where people work very hard and are given very little food. They work so hard that they usually die in a short time.
Death Camps
Camps used under the rule of Hitler in Nazi Germany for the purpose of killing prisoners immediately.
U.S. embargo
In response to Japan creating a protectorate over all of French Indochina; US cut off Japan's oil rubber and other materials making Japan have to go elsewhere to get these materials like Burma
War Production Board
During WWII, FDR established it to allocated scarce materials, limited or stopped the production of civilian goods, and distributed contracts among competing manufacturers
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Italy
Island hopping
WWII strategy of conquering only certain Pacific islands that were important to the Allied advance toward Japan
Code talkers
Navajo troops who used their language to send messages in a code the Japanese were never able to break
Internment camps
Detention centers where more than 100,000 Japanese Americans were relocated during World War II by order of the President.