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Level 128

Colonial Rule in Southeast Asia & Africa

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New Imperialism
European nations start to view Asia & Africa as a...
Motives of New Imperialism
economic: capitalist states were looking for raw materials and markets
What helped the New Imperialims?
-Social Darwinism: struggle between nations, the fit is victorious
Colonial Regimes
indirect rule: the local rules were allowed to keeo their authority and status in a New colonial setting. (It was cheaper)
Colonial Take over: Great Britain
Singapore: was a Major stopping point for traffic traveling to or from China
Colonial Take over: France
-Vietman: they start christianized movements, because they were afraid of the power that GB was gaining over the territories. But as Vietman refused, France forced Vietman to sign a protectorate, that extended contrl over cambo…
Thailand "The exception"
The kings Chulalongcorn and Mongkut maintained friendly relations with GB and France, so they remain a free state
Philippines: US took them from France.
Colonial Take over: United States of America
the "city of the lion" at the tip of the Malay Peninsula
modern Myanmar, a country of Southeast Asia between China, Thailand, and Bangladesh
a political unit that depends on another government for its protection
King Mongkut
King of Siam, now called Thailand, main character of The King and I
King Chulalongkorn
the son of King Mongkut, promoted western learning and maintained friendly relations with the major European powers
Indirect rule
when an imperial power co-opts the local officials into ruling a colony on its behalf, cheaper and more convenient than direct rule, but not always possible when locals resist
Direct rule
when an imperial power sends its own officials to rule a colony for itself, more expensive and difficult than indirect rule, but more practical when locals revolt
for objects or ideas, to use, to make use of; for people, to mistreat, to use someone immorally for one's selfish purposes
To make a country or a person do what you want them to do even if they don't want to.
a government in power
Commodore George Dewey
commanded US forces which defeated the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay, winning the Spanish-American War
Emilio Aguinaldo
led the independence movement in the Philippines
country of Southeast Asia between current Cambodia, Laos, and Myanmar
country of Southeast Asia composed of many islands between Indonesia, Taiwan, and China