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a common defense to criminal charges that the accused was elsewhere at the time the crime was committed
Defendant's response to the complaint.
a court that reviews the decisions of lower courts to determine if a significant error of law was made during trial
The authority to hear cases brought on appeal from a lower court in the hierarchy
Where the mediator is asked to make a binding decision
court proceeding where the defendant pleads guilty or not guilty to the formal charge of a crime
to take into police custody
intentional, illegal burning of a home, building, or personal property
crime of unlawfully causing physical injury to another; tort of threatening another with bodily harm
assumption of risk
defense against people who voluntarily expose themselves to a risk of harm, suffer an injury, and then sue
deposit of money or other property left with the court to guarantee the person will return to stand trial
unlawfully striking another person
a trial conducted without a jury
To give, offer, or promise a benefit or gift to any public servant in order to influence the performance of any act or omission within the official discretion of that person.
comparing the negligence of the injured party and the one being sued
A sworn allegation charging the accused with the commission of an offense.
using a computer for fraudulent purposes
agreement between two or more persons to commit a crime
Contemt of Court
willful disrespect to a court or disobedience of its orders
A partial defense to a negligence action when the plaintiff's conduct also contributed to the injury-the loss will be apportioned according to degree of fault.
wrongfully exercising control or ownership over another's personal property
punishable offense against society
intent to commit an evil act in violation of a statute; also known as criminal intent
defense based on the accused's inability to know right from wrong
untrue statement published which injures or causes harm to the character and or reputation of an individual
A judgement entered by the court upon the failure of a party to plead or appear at the appointed time
the person against whom a legal action is brought
Out of court oral testimony of a witness that is later used in court
Pretrial activities to gain all the facts of the situation
Duty of Care
A relationship so close that one must take reasonable steps to avoid causing harm to the other.
unlawful use or stealing of property by one who has been legally entrusted with the property
information presented at trial by the parties and accepted by the court
Execution of Judegement
process by which a judgment is enforced by court order
improperly obtaining money or property by the use of force, fear, or the power of office
unlawfully restricting a person's freedom of movement
a law enforcement officer persuading or forcing a person to commit a crime
A serious criminal offense punishable by a prison sentence of more than one year.
a monetary amount imposed by the court for committing a crime
falsely making or materially altering a writing to defraud another
intentional misrepresentation of an existing, important fact
Refers to a court that can hear any type of controversy and award any amount of money.
freedom of prosecution for a crime
penalties for persons convicted of a crime are fines, _______, or the death penalty.
the state or period before the legal age of majority
minor misdemeanor punishable by a fine
Decree ordering a party to do or refrain from doing a specified act
a form of discovery by using a series of written questions for parties or witnesses, who prepare written answers and then sign under oath
invasion of privacy
violating one's right to be left alone
final result of a trial
An area of authority or control; the right to administer justice.
intentional theft of the money or personal property of another
Suing a person in court for monetary damages.
killing of another person without intent
When a third person assists in resolving a dispute
warnings police must give persons detained or arrested as criminal suspects
less serious crime punishable by a jail sentence of less than one year
compensation with money for loss or injury
unlawful killing of another person with malice aforethought
A tort or civil wrong in which the defendant unintentionally causes injury or damages to another.
release from all punishment
person who initiates a civil suit
pleading guilty to a less serious crime
Sentence placing a person under the supervision of a probation officer for a specified length of time instead of confinement.
government as the party bringing legal action against a person accused of a crime
the standard of fair behavior that a reasonably careful and thoughtful person would observe
promise of the accused person to appear in court, without posting bail
A court order resulting from a civil court judgement which serves to benefit the successful party
forcible taking of money or personal property of another
use of force that appears reasonably necessary for the self-protection of an intended victim
Strict product Liability
responsibility for injury regardless of negligence or intent; usually caused by abnormally dangerous activity
A legal document summoning someone to court as a witness
A notice directing someone to appear in court to answer a complaint or a charge
A civil wrong, other than breach of contract, for which the court can award money damages.
one who commits a tort
illegally entering or remaining on the property of another
the court that initially hears a case.
panel of citizens sworn by a court to decide issues of fact in court cases
Jury's decision in a case
responsibility of one person for the torts of another
A process by which the judge and the lawyers in a case select jurors for the trial
non-violent crimes committed by an individual or corporation in business
person who has personal knowledge of the facts