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Introduction to Law


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Law is...
... a system of rules that are enforced through social institutions to govern behaviour; prescribed by the supreme power, commanding what is right and prohibiting what is wrong
Pervasive, Prohibitory, Mandatory & Permissive
4 characteristics of Law
Pervasive
permits, forbids, and/or regulates all human activity & affects all persons either directly/indirectly.
Prohibitory
Certain acts must not be committed
Mandatory
Certain acts must be done
Permissive
Certain acts may be done
Functions of Law
To maintain stability, protect the private ownership, and preservation of the state
Classification of Law
Substantive & Procedural; Public & Private; Civil & Criminal
Laws & Morals
Different but overlapping; laws provide sanctions while morals don't
Justice
Justice is fair, equitable & impartial treatment of competing interests with due regard for the common good