Level 90 Level 92
Level 91

Composition of Solutions


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aqueous solution
a solution in which water is the solvent
Hydration
A process by which ionic solids dissolve in water: the positive ends of the water molecules are attracted to the negatively charged anions and the negatively charged ends are attracted to the positively charged cations
nonelectrolyte
are substances that form no ions in water and cant conduct electricity ex;alcohol and sucrose
Precipitation reactions
When two solutions are mixed, an insoluble substance forms and separates from the solution.
spectator ions
appear on both sides of the overall ionic equation
Neutralization reaction
A chemical reaction between an acid and a base
Volumetric Analysis
A technique for determining the amount of a certain substance by doing a titration.
Oxidation Reduction (redox) Reaction
Reactions in which one or more electrons are transferred.
Electrical conductivity
A property of a substance that enables it to conduct an electric current through the flows of an electron
molarity
# moles in solute / 1L of solution
Isotonic
5%DW - D5W
Hypertonic
10%DW - D10W
Hypotonic
0.45%- 1/2NS
Slightly Hypertonic
5% and 0.9%NS- D5NS
Normosol-R
Isotonic
Normal Saline
DW, Dextrose in water, NS
metabolizes
5% dextrose _______ rapidly in the blood and in reality produces minimal osmotic effects
bicarbonate
Lactate converts to _______ in the liver