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Level 116

Strengths of Acids & Bases


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Size
Larger size means a stronger acid
Electronegativity
a measure of the ability of an atom in a chemical compound to attract electrons
Resonance Stabilization
More resonance forms than a conjugate base means a stronger acid
hybridization
a mathematical procedure in which the standard atomic orbitals are combined to form new atomic orbitals called hybrid orbitals that correspond more closely to the actual distribution of electrons in chemically bonded atoms
Induction - electron withdrawing
Electron-withdrawing groups stabilize an anion, thus allowing for a stronger conjugate acid
Induction - electron donating
Electron-donating groups destabalize an anion, thus causing a weaker conjugate base