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Any substance that generates hydronium ions when added to water
A solution in which [H+] is greater than [OH-]
contains only 2 different elements (H and an electronegative element), many common inorganic acids,
Oxyacids (or oxoacids)
They contain hydrogen, oxygen and one other element
can donate only one proton per molecule
can donate more than one proton per molecule
Any acid that contains two ionizable protons
Acids that contain three ionizable hydrogens.
An acid that donates its H+ ions to water in a reaction that goes completely to products
A chemical reaction in which the products can react to re-form the reactants
_______ ionize only slightly in aqueous solutions.
A substance that produces hydroxide ions when added to water
A solution with a significant concentration of hydroxide ions
_______ dissociate completely into metal ions and hydroxide ion in aqueous solutions.
_______ react with water to form the hydroxide ion and the conjugate acid of the base.
A chemical reaction between an acid and a base
BrØnsted-Lowry acid-base reaction
A chemical reaction in which a proton, H?, is transferred
A substance that donates protons, H?, in BrØnsted-Lowry acid-base reaction
A substance that accepts protons, H?, in BrØnsted-Lowry acid-base reaction
in reverse reaction can act as acid;
in reverse reaction can act as base;
conjugate acid-base pair
2 ions or l\molecules relate by the loss or gain of one hydrogen ion
A substance that can act as either a BrØnsted-Lowry acide or a BrØnsted-Lowry base, depending on the circumstances