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A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
A _______ is a substance that dissolves in a solvent to make a solution.
A _______ is a substance that can dissolve other substances.
the most common solvent is water and solutions that contain water
A mixture in which all the individual substances are evenly mixed throughout.
A mixture in which one or more substances are unevenly mixed.
atoms or molecules
(solid solutions)formed when two or more metals or non-metals are combined together
brass,stainless steel,sterling silver
where do you find alloys in your local environment?list some examples
purpose of antifreeze in your car
some solutes can be dissolved in a liquid solvent,and cause the freezing point of the solvent to lower
A heterogeneous mixture that contains particles much larger that a colloidal suspension
Blood and blood components.
particles are in constant random motion
occurs at the surface of the solid
breaking the solid into smaller pieces greatly increases its surface area
what does it mean to dissolve
solute breaks up in the solvent.
what does it mean to be polar molecule
separation of electric charge leading to a molecule or its chemical groups having an electric dipole or multipole moment
does not dissolve in water
A measure of how much solute can dissolve in a given solvent at a given temperature.
a mixture that has a small amount of solute in the solvent; a weak solution
(of a substance or solution) present in a high proportion relative to other substances; having had water or other diluting agent removed or reduced
A mixture that contains as much dissolved solute as is possible at a given temperature.
A mixture that contains less dissolved solute than is possible at a given temperature.
A mixture that has more dissolved solute than is predicted by its solubility at a given temperature.
A substance which when molten or in an aqueous solution can conduct electricity (and is broken down by it)
are substances that form no ions in water and cant conduct electricity ex;alcohol and sucrose
Condition where a solute, when dissolved, breaks up into its component ions
changing from a gas to the plasma phase; atoms become ions when the outer electrons are stripped away
a molecule in which the centroid of the positive charges is different from the centroid of the negative charges.
A non-polar molecule is a molecule which shares electrons equally and therefore, lacks oppositely charged ends
A substance that can dissolve is said to be _______.
A compound containing Hydrogen which it will donate in a reaction.
A cleaning product is usually a ACID/BASE?
a chemical reaction between an acid and a base that takes place in a water solution
An ionic compound made from the neutralization of an acid with a base.
Cl- is insoluble with..
Ag+, Pb^2+, and Hg2^2+
Br- is insoluble with..
Ag+, Pb^2+, and Hg2^2+
Sulfate is insoluble with..
Ca2+, Sr2+, Pb2+ and Ba2+
soluble, most chlorides are soluble
insoluble, this bromide isnt soluble
soluble, the anion NO3- is soluble
insoluble, even tho most sulfates soluble, this isnt
a mixture that has a large amount of solute in the solvent; a strong solution
saturated with excess
has more then the maximum - excess shows on the bottom
solution where alcohol is the solvent
a material made of elements that has metallic properties. Usually to make a substance superior than its elemental components
A mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not settle out.
2 liquids that dissolve into one another
temperature and solids
directly proportional - hot/ice tea
temperature and gases
inversely proportional - powerplants
pressure and gases
directly proportional - soda, the "Bends"
weak nucleophile, protic
attraction between different kinds of molecules
attraction between same kinds of molecules