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Dividend
the number that is being divided
divisor
the number that divides another number.
minuend
A number from which another number is subtracted
product
the answer to a multiplication problem
quotient
the answer to a division problem
subtrahend
A number that is subtracted.
sum
the answer to an addition problem
percent
/ division
additive inverse
the opposite of a number
array
a picture that uses rows (---) and columns (I) to show a multiplication problem
base of an exponent
the number that is multiplied by itself when raised to an exponent
braces
grouping symbols used to show that two objects belong to a set
brackets
Order of Operations
common factor
a number that is a factor of two or more numbers
common multiple
A number that is a multiple of two or more numbers
expanded form
the number written using addition for each place value.
exponent
A mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself
factor
A number that divides evenly into another number. 3 is a factor of 15 (look at the chart!)
finite decimal
a decimal that terminates and doesn't repeat
greatest common factor
The greatest factor that two or more numbers share.
infinite
Having no boundaries or limits.
least common multiple
The smallest multiple (other than zero) that two or more numbers have in common.
multiple
Answers to the Times Tables (eg: Multiples of 3 are: 3, 6, 9, 12, 15 etc.)
order of operations
The rules for calculating a maths question containing mixed operations, such as 14 - 2 x 4 + 12
parentheses
grouping symbols that tell you to complete this step first in math problems
standard form
ax^2 + bx + c = 0, where a, b, and c are real numbers and a cannot equal zero
powers of ten
The numbers 10;100;100;10000; and so on are powers of ten, place value is centered around the units place (ones)
place value
The way that the position of a digit in a number tells us its value
Associative Property
(1 + 2) + 3 = 1 + (2 + 3)
additive identity property of zero
additive identity property of zero, The sum of any number and 0 is equal to that number.
Commutative Property
3 + 2 = 2 + 3
distributive property
Multiplying a sum by a number is the same as multiplying each term by the number and then adding (or subtracting ) the products.
multiplicative identity property of one
A number times 1 = that number
Sequence
A set of numbers arranged in a special order or pattern.
multiplicative inverse
reciprocal of a number
reciprocal
One of two numbers whose product is 1; it is also called multiplicative inverse.
tiling
A pattern of shapes repeated to fill a plane. The shapes do not overlap and there are no gaps.
simplify
find an answer in its simplest form. example 2 +3 can be simplified to 5
simplest form
a fraction that is in lowest terms
proper fraction
rational numbers where the numerator is less than the denominator
numerator
the top part of a fraction
mixed number
a number made up of a whole number and a fraction
improper fraction
a fraction whose numerator is larger than the denominator
fraction
a part of a whole
Denominator
the bottom part of a fraction
equivalent
Equal to
Common Denominator
a denominator that is the same in two or more fractions
benchmark fraction
a commonly used fraction such as 1/4, 1/3, 1/2, 2/3 & 3/4.
unit rate
A rate with the denominator of 1.
scaling
to increase or decrease proportionally in size
ratio
A comparison of two quantities, also know as fancy word for fraction.
rate
* multiplication