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Level 555

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Dividend

the number that is being divided

divisor

the number that divides another number.

minuend

A number from which another number is subtracted

product

the answer to a multiplication problem

quotient

the answer to a division problem

subtrahend

A number that is subtracted.

sum

the answer to an addition problem

percent

/ division

additive inverse

the opposite of a number

array

a picture that uses rows (---) and columns (I) to show a multiplication problem

base of an exponent

the number that is multiplied by itself when raised to an exponent

braces

grouping symbols used to show that two objects belong to a set

brackets

Order of Operations

common factor

a number that is a factor of two or more numbers

common multiple

A number that is a multiple of two or more numbers

expanded form

the number written using addition for each place value.

exponent

A mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself

factor

A number that divides evenly into another number. 3 is a factor of 15 (look at the chart!)

finite decimal

a decimal that terminates and doesn't repeat

greatest common factor

The greatest factor that two or more numbers share.

infinite

Having no boundaries or limits.

least common multiple

The smallest multiple (other than zero) that two or more numbers have in common.

multiple

Answers to the Times Tables (eg: Multiples of 3 are: 3, 6, 9, 12, 15 etc.)

order of operations

The rules for calculating a maths question containing mixed operations, such as 14 - 2 x 4 + 12

parentheses

grouping symbols that tell you to complete this step first in math problems

standard form

ax^2 + bx + c = 0, where a, b, and c are real numbers and a cannot equal zero

powers of ten

The numbers 10;100;100;10000; and so on are powers of ten, place value is centered around the units place (ones)

place value

The way that the position of a digit in a number tells us its value

Associative Property

(1 + 2) + 3 = 1 + (2 + 3)

additive identity property of zero

additive identity property of zero, The sum of any number and 0 is equal to that number.

Commutative Property

3 + 2 = 2 + 3

distributive property

Multiplying a sum by a number is the same as multiplying each term by the number and then adding (or subtracting ) the products.

multiplicative identity property of one

A number times 1 = that number

Sequence

A set of numbers arranged in a special order or pattern.

multiplicative inverse

reciprocal of a number

reciprocal

One of two numbers whose product is 1; it is also called multiplicative inverse.

tiling

A pattern of shapes repeated to fill a plane. The shapes do not overlap and there are no gaps.

simplify

find an answer in its simplest form. example 2 +3 can be simplified to 5

simplest form

a fraction that is in lowest terms

proper fraction

rational numbers where the numerator is less than the denominator

numerator

the top part of a fraction

mixed number

a number made up of a whole number and a fraction

improper fraction

a fraction whose numerator is larger than the denominator

fraction

a part of a whole

Denominator

the bottom part of a fraction

equivalent

Equal to

Common Denominator

a denominator that is the same in two or more fractions

benchmark fraction

a commonly used fraction such as 1/4, 1/3, 1/2, 2/3 & 3/4.

unit rate

A rate with the denominator of 1.

scaling

to increase or decrease proportionally in size

ratio

A comparison of two quantities, also know as fancy word for fraction.

rate

* multiplication