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Base

the number that is written with an exponent

exponent

A mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself

expression

A mathematical phrase without an equal sign.

Equation

A mathematical sentence that contains an equals sign

inequality

A mathematical sentence that shows the relationship between quantities that are not equivalent

term

An element or number in a sequence.

constant

A value in an expression that does not change.

Coefficient

the decimal part

order of operations

The rules for calculating a maths question containing mixed operations, such as 14 - 2 x 4 + 12

distributive property

Multiplying a sum by a number is the same as multiplying each term by the number and then adding (or subtracting ) the products.

Like Terms

expressions that contain the same variables to the same power

Solution

The value or values that make an equation or inequality true.

infinite

Having no boundaries or limits.

constraint

Limitation or restriction

independent variable

the tested varaible

dependent variable

the measure of change in the independent variable

Variable

an alphabetic character representing a number, called the value, which is either arbitrary or not fully specified or unknown. It is usually a letter like x or y.

coordinate plane

A plan formed by the intersection of a horizontal number line called the x-axis and a vertical number line called the y-axis.

ordered pair

A pair of numbers that can be used to locate a point on a coordinate plane.

graph

A visual display of data

origin

The centre point of a number line (ground floor of a hotel, freezing point on a thermometer)

point

an exact location in space

x coordinate

In an ordered pair, the value that is always written first.

y coordinate

In an ordered pair, the value that is always written second.

Substitution

The replacement of letters/variables in an algebraic expression.