Level 1 Level 3
Level 2

Unit 53, 54


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be liable
obliged to pay
obliged
have to do it because the sitution makes it necessary
forced
done suddenly and quickly because the situation makes it necessary
had no choice/alternative but
not have something you can choose to do or use instead of something else
mandatory
automatic; there is no alternative
compulsory/obligatory
necessary
optional
you can choose
exempt
free from obligation
in need of
formal form 'needs/wants'
need for
feel a need
shortage
there are not enough
through lack of
had none or not enough
an absolute necessity
something you must have
do without
survive or live without
requirements
things you must do or need
an opportunity
a real chance
chance
less formal than possibility
possibility
formal form of change
inevitable
is certain to happen
It is doubtful whether
it may not improve
It is probable that
likely to exist, happen or to be true
certainty
wil certainlyhappen
sound
something you can hear, or what can be heared
noise
loud, unpleasant sounds
racket
very loud, unbearable noise, often human activity (informal)
some sounds/noices
countable sounds/noices
so much noice
uncountable noice
patter, pattering
quiet sounds as it keeps hitting a surface ligthly and quickly
bang
loud sound, e.g. a closing in the wind
chime
loud sound, e.g. a big public clock on a building sounding the hour
clang
loud sound, e.g. a big bell ringing
clatter
loud short sound, e.g. a metal pan falling onto a concrete floor
crash
loud sound, e.g. a big, solid, heavy object falling onto a hard floor
hiss
high sound, e.g. steam escaping trough a small hole
hum
sound, e.g. an electrical appliance when switched on computer
rattle
sound, e.g. small stones in a tin being shaken
ring
sound, e.g. a small bell, a telephone ringing
roar
e.g. noise of heavy traffic, noice of a huge waterfall
rumble
e.g. distant noice of thunder
rustle
e.g. opening a paper bag, dry leaves underfoot
screech
e.g. a car's types when the brakes are suddenly applied
thud
e.g. a heavy object falling onto a carpeted floor
dark
for adjectives describing brightness
gloomy
dark
Dim
not bright
sombre
serious imposing
beam
a line of light
sparkles
shine (small bright flashes)
flash
shine (brightly for a very short time)
twinkle
shine (like stars)
flickers
shine (with an unsteady light)
glows
shine (a warm soft light)
shines
to produce bright light
rays
a straight narrow beam of light
glitters
shines with many small bright points when lights is on it