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Literary Terms (C)


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Personification
give human qualities to non-human things拟人
Persuasion
writing that tries to change the readers’ opinion 议论文
Plot
the five parts of a story 情节
Point of view
who tells the story and how much they know about the characters视角
Protagonist
the main character in the story正面角色
Refrain
line or phrase repeated in a poem 句子重复
Resolution
how the story ends结局
Rhyme
same vowel sounds in words押韵
Rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhymes in a poem韵律规则
Rhythm
pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables节奏
Rising action
the events that happen after the introduction and before the climax 发展
Round character
realistic character with many-sided personality 全面的角色
Sarcasm
saying the opposite of what one feels 讥讽
Satire
making fun of a famous person; a type of person; or an idea讽刺
Setting
where and when a story takes place 背景
Simile
comparing to different things with “like” or “as” 比喻
Slang
playful expressions often created by young people童谣
Sonnet
14-line poem with rhyme scheme and meter十四行诗
Stanza
like a paragraph in poem 段落
Static character
the character doesn’t change through the story 一成不变的角色
Stereotyped character
a type of character that has appeared so many times in stories that everyone knows what to expect (e.g. the smart detective) 令人熟知的角色
Suspense
the writer makes us worry about what will happen悬念
Symbol
a character or thing is itself and represents something more than itself象征
Theme
the central idea of a story主旨
Tone
author’s attitude to the story; characters; or readers 心情
Tragedy
a play with a sad ending 悲剧
Understatement
saying less than what you mean 轻描淡写