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Literary Terms (B)


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Exposition
writing that gives information and explains. 说明文
Falling action
we find out what happened right after the climax。逐渐走向结局
Figurative language
language which uses literary terms 写作手法
First person point of view
protagonist tells the story 第一人称视角
Flashback
story goes back in time (character(s) remember what happened earlier) 插叙
Flat character
character has only one quality (only good or only bad) 单一向角色
Foil
character whose behavior or appearance contrasts those of the protagonist 衬托
Foreshadowing
to give a hint of what will happen later in the story 铺垫
Free verse
no rhyme no meter 自由形式的诗文
Genre
what kind of story is it?故事种类
Hyperbole
an exaggeration (“I’m starving”) 夸张
Imagery
to show with words by using the five senses 感官
Indirect presentation
what we learn from what the character says 间接描写
Dramatic Irony
the author shares secret information with the reader about a character in the story 反讽
Jargon
language used mostly by members of a profession or group术语
Limited omniscient
narrator only knows what one character thinks and feels 限制性叙述
Lyric
short poem that expresses feelings 抒情短诗
Metaphor
comparing two different things using “to be” 暗喻
Mood
the feeling created in the introduction 情绪
Narration
a story故事
Objective point of view
narrator can only hear and see what happens 单一的视角
Omniscient point of view
narrator knows what all characters think and feel。 无所不知的视角
Onomatopoeia
a word that is also a sound (e.g. "Bang!") 拟声词
Oxymoron
two opposite words that make sense together (e.g. jumbo shrimp) 矛盾修饰法
Paradox
a statement that seems contradictory but may be true悖论