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Level 15

The Green Revolution


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biodiversity
the existence of a large number of different kinds of animals and plants that make a balanced environment
contaminate
~ sth (WITH sth) to make a substance or place dirty or no longer pure by adding a substance that is dangerous or carries disease | to influence people's ideas or attitudes in a bad way
deforestation
the act of cutting down or burning the trees in an area
disposal
[uncountable] the act of getting rid of something | the sale of part of a business, property, etc.
drought
a long period of time when there is little or no rain
emission
the production or sending out of light, heat, gas, etc.
erosion
the process by which the surface of something is gradually destroyed through the action of wind, rain, etc. | the process of gradually destroying something or making it weaker over a period of time
exhaust
waste gases that come out of a vehicle, an engine, or a machine
fertilizer
a substance added to soil to make plants grow more successfully
fumes
[plural]smoke, gas, or something similar that smells strongly or is dangerous to breathe in
pollutant
a substance that pollutes something, especially air and water
contamination
the unwanted pollution of something by another substance
strain
pressure on someone or something because they have too much to do or manage, or something very difficult to deal with; the problems, worry, or anxiety that this produces
achievable
if something is ~, it can be done
advantageous
good or useful in a particular situation
beneficial
improving a situation; having a helpful or useful effect
conceivable
that you can imagine or believe | possible
devastating
causing a lot of damage and destruction | extremely shocking to a person | impressive and powerful
feasible
that is possible and likely to be achieved
fruitless
producing no useful results
futile
having no purpose because there is no chance of success
immune
(to something) that cannot catch or be affected by a particular disease or illness | not affected by something | (~ FROM something) protected from something and therefore able to avoid it
impracticable
impossible or very difficult to do; not practical in a particular situation
improbable
not likely to be true or to happen | seeming strange because it is not what you would expect
insoluble
(of a problem, mystery, etc.) that cannot be solved or explained | ( ~ IN something) (of a substance) that does not dissolve in a liquid
irreparable
(of a loss, injury, etc.) too bad or too serious to repair or put right
irreplaceable
too valuable or special to be replaced
irreversible
that cannot be changed back to what it was before
liable
(for something) legally responsible for paying the cost of something
pervasive
existing in all parts of a place or thing; spreading gradually to affect all parts of a place or thing
pointless
having no purpose; not worth doing
pristine
fresh and clean, as if new | not developed or changed in any way; left in its original condition
unattainable
impossible to achieve or reach
unprecedented
that has never happened, been done, or been known before
viable
that can be done; that will be successful | capable of developing and surviving independently
confront
(of problems or a difficult situation) to appear and need to be dealt with by someone | to deal with a problem or difficult situation | (be ~ED WITH something) to have something in front of you that you have to deal with or react to
dump
to get rid of something you do not want, especially in a place which is not suitable
inexorable
(of a process) that cannot be stopped or changed
life-threatening
that is likely to kill someone