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Level 14

Urbanisation


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compromise
an agreement made between two people or groups in which each side gives up some of the things they want so that both sides are happy at the end | a solution to a problem in which two or more things cannot exist together as they are, in which each thing is reduced or changed slightly so that they can exist together
dilemma
a situation that makes problems, often one in which you have to make a very difficult choice between things of equal importance
on the horns of a dilemma
in a situation in which you have to make a choice between things that are equally unpleasant
infrastructure
the basic systems and services that are necessary for a country or an organization to run smoothly, for example buildings, transportation, and water and power supplies
megacity
(BrE) a very large city, usually one with a population of over 10 million people
migrant
a person who moves from one place to another, especially in order to find work
setback
a difficulty or problem that delays or prevents something, or makes a situation worse
slum
an area of a city that is very poor and where the houses are dirty and in bad condition
adequate
enough in quantity, or good enough in quality, for a particular purpose or need
decent
of a good enough standard or quality | honest and fair; treating people with respect | acceptable to people in a particular situation
double-edged
(of a knife, etc.) having two cutting edges | (of a remark, comment, etc.) having two possible meanings | having two different parts or uses, often parts that contrast with each other
one-sided
(of an argument, opinion, etc.) showing only one side of the situation; not balanced | (of a competition or a relationship) involving people who have different abilities; involving one person more than another
overpriced
too expensive; costing more than it is worth
staggering
so great, shocking, or surprising that it is difficult to believe
aggravate
~ something: to make an illness or a bad or unpleasant situation worse | ~ somebody (informal) to annoy someone, especially deliberately
deteriorate
to become worse
enhance
to increase or further improve the good quality, value, or status of someone or something
exacerbate
to make something worse, especially a disease or problem
flourish
to develop quickly and be successful or common | to grow well; to be healthy and happy | ~ something: to wave something around in a way that makes people look at it
linger
to continue to exist for longer than expected | (+ adv./prep.) to stay somewhere for longer because you do not want to leave; to spend a long time doing something | (on somebody/something) to continue to look at someone or something or think about something for longer than usual | (+ on) to stay alive but become weaker
regulate
to control something by means of rules | to control the speed, pressure, temperature, etc. in a machine or system
remedy
a way of dealing with or improving an unpleasant or difficult situation | a treatment or medicine to cure a disease or reduce pain that is not very serious | (against something) (law) a way of dealing with a problem, using the processes of the law
tackle
(~ somebody) to deal with someone who is violent or threatening you by grabbing them and gaining control over them | (in football) to make an opponent fall to the ground in order to stop them from running
worsen
to become or make something worse than it was before | deteriorate
reach a compromise
to achieve a compromise; to negotiate an agreement.
remedy a situation
solve a bad situation