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Level 11

Design and Innovation


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concrete
building material that is made by mixing together cement, sand, small stones, and water
cottage
a small house, especially in the country | a second house that people have, usually near a lake, where they can go on weekends and for holidays
gadget
a small tool or device that does something useful
landmark
something, such as a large building, a mountain, etc., that you can see clearly from a distance and that will help you to know where you are
lift shaft
the long vertical space through which a lift travels (British English)
occupant
a person who lives or works in a particular house, room, building, etc.
quarry
a place where large amounts of stone, etc. are dug out of the ground
timber
trees that are grown to be used in building or for making things | a long heavy piece of wood used in building a house or ship
airy
with plenty of fresh air because there is a lot of space | acting or done in a way that shows that you are not worried or that you are not treating something as serious | not serious or practical
conventional
tending to follow what is done or considered acceptable by society in general; normal and ordinary, and perhaps not very interesting | following what is traditional or the way something has been done for a long time
cramped
(of room, place, etc.) does not have enough space for the people in it | not having room to move freely
disposable
made to be thrown away after use | available for use
futuristic
extremely modern and unusual in appearance, as if belonging to a future time | imagining what the future will be like
high-rise
(of a building) very tall and having a lot of floors
mass-produce
to produce goods in large quantities, using machinery
multi-storey car park
(also multi-storey) a large building with several floors for parking cars in
ornate
covered with a lot of decoration, especially when this involves very small or complicated designs
prefabricated
(especially of a building) made in sections that can be put together later
state-of-the-art
using the most modern or advanced techniques or methods; as good as it can be at the present time
ultra-modern
incorporating ideas, styles, or techniques only recently developed or available
automate
to use machines and computers instead of people to do a job or task
condemn
to express very strong disapproval of someone or something, usually for moral reasons
demolish
to pull or knock down a building
devise
to invent something new or a new way of doing something
haul
to pull something or someone with a lot of effort
hoist
to raise or pull something up to a higher position, often using ropes or special equipment
renovate
to repair and paint an old building, a piece of furniture, etc. so that it is in good condition again