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Russia before 1900


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Russian economy
was much less developed than other countries in Europe
2%
of the population worked in industry
80%
worked in agriculture
81%
illiteracy (could not read)
St Petersburg and Moscow
doubled in population
Autocracy
meant that the Tsar had absolute power
Socialist-Revolutionaries
opposed the Tsar in the countryside
Social democrats
opposed the Tsar in the cities
The Okhrana
was the Tsar's secret police
Nicholas II
was a weak monarch who was not suited to leadership
Alexi Romanov
was the Tsar's son who suffered from hemophilia
Rasputin
was the mad monk who treated his son
1905
In the revolution the Tsar gave power to the Duma parliament
World War 1
1914-17
The First World War
Was a disaster for Russia
Soldiers
Lacked food and equipment
Tannenburg and Masurian Lakes
1914 Russians lost 100K men
Nicolas II then
decided to go to the front line to lead troops
1917
the war went very badly and revolution stirred in Petrograd