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Abdicate
Give up political power
Agricultural production
Crops and animals grown and raised by farmers.
Autocracy
Rule by one person who has complete power.
Bourgeois
To do with the middle classes (for example doctors)
Bureaucracy
Groups of officials who carry out government orders
Capital punishment
Punishing crime by executing the criminal.
Capitalist
A person who owns land or factories
Censorship
Telling the media what they can or cannot print or say.
Civil war
War between groups of people in the same country.
Communes
Groups that run themselves.
Communism
A system where everyone is equal
Conscripted
Forced to join the armed services.
Coup d etat
Violently overthrowing a government.
Cheka
The Bolshevik secret police until 1922
Constituent Assembly
The govt set up by Bolsheviks after revolution
Gosplan
The State Planning Committee that ran the Five-Year Plans.
Kulak
peasants who had benefited from Lenin’s New Economic Policy.
Mutinied
Refused to obey the orders of those in command
Purge
The removal of enemies through terror.
Provisional Government
The government of Russia after abdication Tsar
Propaganda
Giving information
NKVD
Name of secret police under Stalin 1934-45
New Economic Policy (NEP)
Economic policy Introduced in 1921 by Lenin
Okhrana
The Tsar’s secret police
Sabotage
Deliberately destroying or damaging something
Social inequality
Where people are not equal
Revolution
A sudden or drastic change in a society’s political structure
Red Army
The army of the Bolshevik
Red Guard
The workers’ fighting units set up by the Bolsheviks.
Tsar
The title of the Ruler of Russia until 1917.
OGPU
Secret police under Stalin 1923-34
Checkha
Secret Police under Lenin 1917-22
Samsonov
Commander of 2nd Russian army at Tannenburg
Progressive Bloc
Moderate conservatives in the Duma wanting Tsar to be better
mir
Peasant council
Zemstva
Tsar's councils in countryside
Proletariat
Industrial working class
Stolypin, Rodzianko and Witte
Tsar's advisers