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Social issues


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Abolish
(v) to officially get rid of a law, system, practice, etc: The law was abolished in 1963.
Advocate
(v) to publicly support a particular policy or way of doing things: Do you advocate corporal punishment in schools?
Alleviate
(v) to make something less painful, severe or serious: These measures are designed to alleviate suffering among the elderly.
Bureaucracy
(n) a complicated and annoying system of rules and processes: I started to set up my own business but there was too much bureaucracy.
Charity
(n) an organisation to which you give money so that it can give money and help to people who are poor or ill, or who need advice and support: There are one or two charities that I make regular donations to.
Class
(n) one of the groups into which people in a society are divided according to their family background, education, job or income: My family are very middle class in a lot of ways.
Community
(n) the people who live in an area: Politics should begin in the local community.
Convict
(v) to prove in a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime: He was convicted of murder.
Convict
(n) someone who is in prison because they have committed a crime: Two convicts have escaped from the local prison.
Corruption
(n) dishonest or illegal behaviour by officials or people in positions of power, especially when they accept money in exchange for doing things for someone: They've started an investigation into corruption.
Deterrent
(n) something that makes people decide not to do something by making them realise that something unpleasant could happen to them: I think capital punishment serves as a deterrent.
Heritage
(n) the art, buildings, traditions and beliefs that a society considers important to its history and culture: It's important that we preserve our national heritage.
Immigration
(n) the process in which people enter a country in order to live there permanently: Is the level of immigration actually rising, or is it falling?
Industrial action
(n phr) a protest in which workers show that they disagree with a policy of their employer, for example by striking: Unless something changes, we'll be taking industrial action.
Institution
(n) a large organisation such as a bank, hospital, university or prison: It's hard spending all your fife inside an institution like a children's home.
Legislation
(n) a law or set of laws: There is already legislation to prevent that.
Prejudice
(n) an unreasonable opinion or feeling, especially the feeling of not liking a particular group of people: Many women have had to deal with prejudice in the workplace.
Prison reform
(n phr) changes intended to make the prison system fairer or more effective: I'm a great believer in prison reform.
Privileged
(adj) having advantages and opportunities that other people do not have, because you have a lot of money or high social status: I suppose I come from quite a privileged background.
Prosecute
(v) to officially accuse someone of a crime and ask a court of law to judge them: The police decided not to prosecute and let him off with a warning.
State
(n) the government of a country: The health system is the state's responsibility.