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Anastrophe
A form of literary device wherein the order of the noun and the adjective in the sentence is exchanged: example - He spoke of times past and future, and dreamt of things to be.
Verisimilitude
the quality of appearing to be true, realism, authenticity
foil
Another character in a story who contrasts with the main character, usually to highlight one of their attributes. Example: Mitch is this to Stanley
Synecdoche
A literary device that uses a part of something to refer to the whole or vice versa Example: All hands on deck – ‘hands’ means each individual helping out
satire
A literary work, often humorous, intended to ridicule
Portmanteau words
A literary device in which two or more words are joined together to coin a new word. A portmanteau word is formed by blending parts of two or more words but it always refers to a single concept: BLOG ( Web + Log) ELECTROCUTE ( Electricity + Execute)
periphrasis
Refers to the use of excessive language and surplus words to convey a meaning that could otherwise be conveyed with fewer words and in more direct a manner. The use of this literary device can be to embellish a sentence, to create a grander effect, to beat around the bush and to draw attention away from the crux of the message being conveyed
Circumlocution
A form of writing where the writer uses exaggeratedly long and complex sentences in order to convey a meaning that could have otherwise been conveyed through a shorter, much simpler sentence. It involves stating an idea or a view in an indirect manner that leaves the reader guessing and grasping at the actual meaning.
Polysyndeton
The process of using conjunctions or connecting words frequently in a sentence, placed very close to one another. The use is primarily for adding dramatic effect as they have a strong rhetorical presence. Example: Saying “here and there and everywhere”, instead of simply saying “here, there and everywhere”.
Asyndeton
This refers to a practice in literature whereby the author purposely leaves out conjunctions in the sentence, while maintaining the grammatical accuracy of the phrase. Use of this literary device helps in creating a strong impact and such sentences have greater recall worth since the idea is presented in a nutshell. Example: Read, Write, Learn.
Authorial Intrusion
an interesting literary device wherein the author penning the story, poem or prose steps away from the text and speaks out to the reader. It establishes a one to one relationship between the writer and the reader where the latter is no longer a secondary player or an indirect audience to the progress of the story but is the main subject of the author’s attention.
Epithet
A literary device that is used as a descriptive device. It is usually used to add to a person or place’s regular name and attribute some special quality to the same. Example: “Alexander the Great” is the epithet commonly used to refer to Alexander III of Macedon.
Synaethesia
An image that metaphorically blends and confuses the senses: a loud shirt / wind oozing/ a noisy taste
Meta-diegetic narrator
A narrator that narrates within a story - in Wuthering Heights, Isabella, Heathcliff and Catherine all have moments of narration within Nelly's dialogue
Extra-diegetic narrator
A narrator that is on the outside of a main narrative - often called a framing narrator. E.G - Lockwood
Diegetic narrator
The main narrator of the main narrative - Nelly in Wuthering
Antimetabole
A form of balanced sentence where the clause structures are inverted or rearranged but the words are the same: Fair is foul and foul is fair
Anadiplosis
A technique where the last word of a sentence starts the next sentence: It was murder. Murder of innocence.
Anacoluthon
An abrupt change in syntax: What I want is...like anybody cares'
Anacoenosis
Asking the opinion of others in a way that shows a common interest: 'Do you not think we can do this now?'
Analepsis
Another word for a flashback
Prolepsis
A word for a flash-forward in a text
bathos
A ludicrous descent from the exalted or lofty to the commonplace; anticlimax.
Bdelygmia
An expression of extreme hatred or contempt
bucolic
rustic; countrylike
Blazon
Praising a woman through the different parts of her body - in poetry/prose
Corporeal
Relating to the human body
Decorum
The appropriateness of a literary work to its subject, its genre and its purpose
denouement
revelation of the central mystery in a plot
didactic
instructive, having an educational purpose
Dysphemism
A term with negative connotations for something inoffensive in reality - e.g stench instead of smell
Epiphora
Opposite of Anaphora - the repetition of a word or phrase at the end of successive sentences
Einbildungskraft
German for imagination - used in reference to the Romantic poets
Edify
To improve or instruct someone morally or intellectually.
epistolary
associated with correspondence by letter
Feminine rhyme
A rhyme of two syllables where the last is unstressed - normally at the end of a line of poetry
Masculine rhyme
A rhyme of two syllables where the last syllable is stressed - normally at the end of a line of poetry
Georgic
A book or poem that deals with agriculture or rural topics
Homophone
A homophone can be defined as a word that when pronounced seems similar to another word but has a different spelling and meaning such as bear and bare
homonym
n. a word with same sound as another word, but with a different meaning
homograph
Two words that are spelled the same but don't have the same meanings and/or pronunciation: bow(to the Queen) bow (tying a bow)
hubris
n. excessive pride or self confidence
hamartia
A fatal flaw of a character - Greek tragedy term
hypallage
Reversal in normal order of two words: 'her beauty's face' instead of 'her face's beauty'
gustatory imagery
adj. to do with taste
Olfactory imagery
Concerning the sense of smell
Mercurial
Inclined to make unpredictable changes of mood or mind.
leitmotif
A recurrent theme throughout a text associated with a particular person, idea or situation
Monomanicala
Being obsessed by one thing
Paranomasia
Another word for a pun or a play on words
Polyphonic
Involving many voices or sounds
Stichomythia
Dialogue where two characters speak alternate lines
Strophic
A repeated verse