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A form of literary device wherein the order of the noun and the adjective in the sentence is exchanged: example - He spoke of times past and future, and dreamt of things to be.
the quality of appearing to be true, realism, authenticity
Another character in a story who contrasts with the main character, usually to highlight one of their attributes. Example: Mitch is this to Stanley
A literary device that uses a part of something to refer to the whole or vice versa Example: All hands on deck – ‘hands’ means each individual helping out
A literary work, often humorous, intended to ridicule
A literary device in which two or more words are joined together to coin a new word. A portmanteau word is formed by blending parts of two or more words but it always refers to a single concept: BLOG ( Web + Log) ELECTROCUTE ( Electricity + Execute)
Refers to the use of excessive language and surplus words to convey a meaning that could otherwise be conveyed with fewer words and in more direct a manner. The use of this literary device can be to embellish a sentence, to create a grander effect, to beat around the bush and to draw attention away from the crux of the message being conveyed
A form of writing where the writer uses exaggeratedly long and complex sentences in order to convey a meaning that could have otherwise been conveyed through a shorter, much simpler sentence. It involves stating an idea or a view in an indirect manner that leaves the reader guessing and grasping at the actual meaning.
The process of using conjunctions or connecting words frequently in a sentence, placed very close to one another. The use is primarily for adding dramatic effect as they have a strong rhetorical presence. Example: Saying “here and there and everywhere”, instead of simply saying “here, there and everywhere”.
This refers to a practice in literature whereby the author purposely leaves out conjunctions in the sentence, while maintaining the grammatical accuracy of the phrase. Use of this literary device helps in creating a strong impact and such sentences have greater recall worth since the idea is presented in a nutshell. Example: Read, Write, Learn.
an interesting literary device wherein the author penning the story, poem or prose steps away from the text and speaks out to the reader. It establishes a one to one relationship between the writer and the reader where the latter is no longer a secondary player or an indirect audience to the progress of the story but is the main subject of the author’s attention.
A literary device that is used as a descriptive device. It is usually used to add to a person or place’s regular name and attribute some special quality to the same. Example: “Alexander the Great” is the epithet commonly used to refer to Alexander III of Macedon.
An image that metaphorically blends and confuses the senses: a loud shirt / wind oozing/ a noisy taste
A narrator that narrates within a story - in Wuthering Heights, Isabella, Heathcliff and Catherine all have moments of narration within Nelly's dialogue
A narrator that is on the outside of a main narrative - often called a framing narrator. E.G - Lockwood
The main narrator of the main narrative - Nelly in Wuthering
A form of balanced sentence where the clause structures are inverted or rearranged but the words are the same: Fair is foul and foul is fair
A technique where the last word of a sentence starts the next sentence: It was murder. Murder of innocence.
An abrupt change in syntax: What I want is...like anybody cares'
Asking the opinion of others in a way that shows a common interest: 'Do you not think we can do this now?'
Another word for a flashback
A word for a flash-forward in a text
A ludicrous descent from the exalted or lofty to the commonplace; anticlimax.
An expression of extreme hatred or contempt
Praising a woman through the different parts of her body - in poetry/prose
Relating to the human body
The appropriateness of a literary work to its subject, its genre and its purpose
revelation of the central mystery in a plot
instructive, having an educational purpose
A term with negative connotations for something inoffensive in reality - e.g stench instead of smell
Opposite of Anaphora - the repetition of a word or phrase at the end of successive sentences
German for imagination - used in reference to the Romantic poets
To improve or instruct someone morally or intellectually.
associated with correspondence by letter
A rhyme of two syllables where the last is unstressed - normally at the end of a line of poetry
A rhyme of two syllables where the last syllable is stressed - normally at the end of a line of poetry
A book or poem that deals with agriculture or rural topics
A homophone can be defined as a word that when pronounced seems similar to another word but has a different spelling and meaning such as bear and bare
n. a word with same sound as another word, but with a different meaning
Two words that are spelled the same but don't have the same meanings and/or pronunciation: bow(to the Queen) bow (tying a bow)
n. excessive pride or self confidence
A fatal flaw of a character - Greek tragedy term
Reversal in normal order of two words: 'her beauty's face' instead of 'her face's beauty'
adj. to do with taste
Concerning the sense of smell
Inclined to make unpredictable changes of mood or mind.
A recurrent theme throughout a text associated with a particular person, idea or situation
Being obsessed by one thing
Another word for a pun or a play on words
Involving many voices or sounds
Dialogue where two characters speak alternate lines
A repeated verse