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A genetic disease that affects the lungs, digestive and reproductive systems. It is inherited through a recessive allele.
Specialised for a particular function.
A version of a particular gene.
Pattern produced by analysing the DNA which can be used to identify a person.
A form of asexual reproduction where a complete new individual forms as a bud on the parent organism e.g. yeast, hydra.
The DNA which carries the information for making a new cell or individual.
Individual who is heterozygous for a faulty allele that causes a genetic disease in the homozygous form.
Diseases which are inherited.
The two stage process of cell division which halves the number of chromosome number in daughter cells. It is involved in making the gametes for sexual reproduction.
Asexual cellular division where two identical cells are formed.
Female sex cell.
A genetic condition inherited through a dominant allele which results in extra fingers and toes.
The process by which proteins are made on the ribosomes based on information from the genes.
The characteristic that will show up in the offspring only if both of the alleles are inherited.
The site of protein synthesis in a cell.
The chromosomes which carry information about the sex of an individual.
Undifferentiated cells with the potential to form a wide variety of different cell types.
Cloning by transferring the nucleus of an adult cell to an empty egg to produce tissues or organs which can be used in medicine.