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Topic 6 Byzantines


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Constantinople
the capital of the Byzantine Empire named after the Roman Emperor Constantine, later renamed Istanbul
Justinian
Best known Byzantine emperor, codified Roman law into Justinian's Code, built Hagia Sophia, reunified much of the old Roman empire
Justinian's Code
a single, unified law code established by Justinian for the Byzantine Empire which preserved Roman law for another millenium
Hagia Sophia
the large, domed, Christian church was the crowning glory of Justinian's reign
Theodora
Empress wife of Justinian, rose from poverty to be the most powerful woman in Byzantine history
Great Schism
the name given to the split between the Roman Catholic church and the Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Christianity
shares basic beliefs of the Catholic Church but Greek is the official language, headed by the patriarch who was also the Byzantine Emperor and which allowed marriage for priests and would permit some divorces
Roman Catholic
shares basic beliefs with the Eastern Orthodox church, headed by the pope, Latin is the official language, priests may not marry and divorce is not allowed
Icons
religious symbols, this was a controversy in the Christian church with the pope supporting use of icons but the emperor of the Byzantines saw them as idol worship
Pope
Head of the Roman Catholic Church, claimed authority over kings and emperors
Vikings
Scandinavian invaders who established trade with the Byzantines and control over Russia for a period
Czar
a title of Russian emperors, the Russian version of Caesar because Ivan IV was planning on Russia being the "Third Rome"
Kiev
the first capital of Russia established by the descendants of the Vikings and Slavs
Cyrillic Alphabet
the alphabet devised by Cyril and Methodius, based on the Greek symbols that was originally used for writing for Russian and many other Slavic languages
Vladimir I
Grand Prince of Kiev and of all Russia, was an outstanding political figure in ancient Russia who adopted Christianity as the official religion
Mongols
Conquered Russia in the 1200's demanded obedience and tribute for the next 200 years