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Topic 3 Greece & Rome


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Polis
City-state in Ancient Greece
Direct Democracy
is a form of democracy in which people decide policy initiatives directly
tyranny
the arbitrary or unjust execution of absolute power
Monarchy
A system of government in which one person reigns, usually a king or queen through inheritance
theocracy
rule of religion and religious leader
Aristocracy
a form of government that places power in the hands of a small, privileged ruling class
Oligarchy
Government run by few
Pericles
the most prominent and influential Greek statesman, orator and general of Athens during the Golden Age
Alexander the Great
military conqueror who helped spread Greek culture from Asia Minor & Egypt to India.
Hellenistic Period
history between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the emergence of the Roman Empire
Patricians
the original aristocratic families of Ancient Rome, the upper class
plebeians
the common people of ancient Rome, the lower class
Consul
one of the two annually elected chief magistrates who jointly ruled the Roman republic.
Twelve Tables
the written law code of ancient Rome.
Pax Romana
literally means "Roman peace," refers to the time period from 27 B.C.E. to 180 C.E. in the Roman Empire.
Julius Caesar
a Roman statesman, general and notable author of Latin prose. He played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire
Augustus Caesar
the founder of the Roman Empire and its first Emperor, ruling from 27 BC until his death in 14 AD
Diocletian
split the immense Roman empire into Western and Eastern halves.
Constantine
Emperor of Rome who stopped the persecution of Christians and in 324 made Christianity the official religion of the empire
Roman Catholic
the original Christian church based in Rome and headed by the Pope