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Topic 21 World War I and The Russian Revolution

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the belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests
Central Powers
a group of nations fighting against the Allied Powers during World War I; the members included Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and their territories.
Triple Alliance
a military alliance among Germany, Austria–Hungary, and Italy. It lasted from 20 May 1882 until World War I in 1914.
Triple Entente
the alliance linking the Russian Empire, the French, and Great Britain
Allied Powers
In World War I, the Allies included Britain, France, Italy, Russia, and the United States.
Total War
military conflict in which the contenders are willing to make any sacrifice in lives and use all resources available to obtain a complete victory
Trench Warfare
warfare in which opposing armed forces attack, counterattack, and defend from relatively permanent systems of trenches dug into the ground.
Schlieffen Plan
The German plan for fighting a two front war against France and Russia, named for General Alfred Graf von Schlieffen. Defeat France quickly and then rush to attack Russia.
Zimmerman Telegram
a 1917 diplomatic proposal from the German Empire offering a military alliance with Mexico, in the event of the United States entering World War I against Germany. The proposal was intercepted and decoded by British intelligence
A British ocean liner sank by a German submarine (u-boat). The attack was used as propaganda to pull the U.S. into the war because 128 Americans went down with the ship.
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
a type of naval warfare in which submarines sink vessels such as freighters and tankers without warning
the making of amends for a wrong one has done, by paying money to or otherwise helping those who have been wronged.
Vladimir Lenin
a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist.
a member of the majority faction of the Russian Social Democratic Party, which was renamed the Communist Party after seizing power in the October Revolution of 1917.
Treaty of Versailles
one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
Wilson’s 14 Points
goals of the United States in the peace negotiations after World War I.
League of Nations
A world organization established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace. The U.S. refused to join.