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Level 19

Topic 19 Nationalism


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Nationalism
The strong belief that the interests of a particular nation-state are of primary importance. Also, the belief that a people who share a common language, history, and culture should constitute an independent nation, free of foreign domination.
Unification
Type of nationalist movement where politically divided but culturally similar lands are merged
Separation
Type of nationalist movement where a culturally distinct group resists being added to a state or tries to break away
State-building
Type of nationalist movement where culturally distinct groups form into a new state by accepting a single culture
Camillo de Cavour
The figure who forged the Kingdom of Italy, designed the constitutional structure of the unitary state and served as its first prime minister
Giuseppe Garibaldi
Italian patriot whose conquest of Sicily and Naples led to the formation of the Italian state
Otto von Bismark
Under his leadership Prussia defeated Austria and France, and Germany was united. In 1871 he became the first chancellor of the German Reich.
realpolitik
politics based on practical and material factors rather than on theoretical or ethical objectives.