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Topic 17 Art Movements to the Present


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Abstract Expressionism
a post–World War II art movement in American painting, developed in New York in the 1940s. It was the first specifically American movement to achieve international influence and put New York City at the center of the western art world, a role formerly filled by Paris.
Romanticism
An art characterized by a heightened interest in nature, emphasis on the individual's expression of emotion and imagination and a rebellion against established social rules and conventions.
Neoclassicism
an emphasis on austere linear design in the depiction of classical events, characters and themes, using historically correct settings and costumes. Its emergence was greatly stimulated by the new scientific interest in classical antiquity that arose during the course of the 18th century.
Expressionism
a modernist movement, initially in poetry and painting, originating in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century. Its typical trait is to present the world solely from a subjective perspective, distorting it radically for emotional effect in order to evoke moods or ideas.
Realism
Portrays everyday life just like it was, without making it pretty or trying to tell a moralistic story.
Impressionism
A style in which the artist captures the image of an object as someone would see it if they just caught a glimpse of it.
Cubism
The subject matter is broken down, analyzed, and reassembled in new, abstract form to express modern life.
Dadaism
art used to respond to the violence and irrationality of war, wanted art to reflect the upsetting and violent world as they saw it viewed as ridiculous and irrelevant
Surrealism
Influenced by Freud’s theories on psychoanalysis and the subconscious. Confusing & startling images like those in dreams.