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Topic 11 Japan and South Asia


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Samurai
professional warriors loyal to local lords, not the emperor
Daimyo
Japanese feudal lord who commanded a private army of samurai
Shogun
A Japanese supreme military commander who ruled in the name of the emperor
Shinto
The native religion of Japan marked by worship of nature and reverence for ancestors
Japanese Feudalism
a political system based on the exchange of military service for land and the protection of the people who lived there; farmers ranked just beneath warriors in Japan with shopkeepers at the bottom of society
Oda Nobunaga
Japanese general and feudal leader, who unified much of Japan under his control before being assassinated
Tokugawa Ieyasu
One of the most significant figures in Japanese history, Ieyasu was a warrior, statesman and founder of the Tokugawa dynasty of shoguns.
Isolationism
a policy of remaining apart from the affairs or interests of other groups, especially the political affairs of other countries
Kangxi
emperor of the Qing dynasty of China; he extended Manchu control and promoted learning in the arts and sciences.
Manchus
a member of a people originally living in Manchuria who formed the last imperial dynasty of China
Qing Dynasty
the last imperial dynasty of China (from 1644 to 1912) which was overthrown by revolutionaries
Taj Mahal
a white marble mausoleum in central India, in Agra on the Jumna River: built (1632-43) by the emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife
Akbar (Mughal)
greatest of the Mughal emperors of India, who reigned from 1556 to 1605 and who extended Mughal power over most of the Indian subcontinent.
Babur
original name Zahir ud-Din Mohammed 1483–1530, founder of the Mogul Empire: conquered India in 1526
Mughal Empire
Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur
Shah Abbas
Shāh 'Abbās the Great is generally considered the greatest ruler of the Safavid dynasty.
Shah
a title for the hereditary monarch of Iran
Safavid Empire
The Safavid Empire lasted from 1501-1722. It covered all of Iran, and parts of Turkey and Georgia. The Safavid Empire was a theocracy. The state religion was Shi'a Islam
Janissaries
a member of the Turkish infantry forming the Sultan's guard between the 14th and 19th centuries.
Suleyman the Magnificent
One of the greatest Ottoman rulers; also called the "Lawgiver" developing a law code that included no imprisonment without trial
Sultan
the sovereign of a Muslim country
Ottoman Empire
a Turkish sultanate of southwestern Asia and northeastern Africa and southeastern Europe; created by the Ottoman Turks in the 13th century
“Gunpowder Empires”
a term used to describe the Islamic Ottoman, Safavid and Mughal empires. Each of these three empires had considerable military success using the newly developed firearms, especially cannon and small arms
Zheng He
An imperial eunuch and Muslim, entrusted by the Ming emperor with a series of state voyages that took his gigantic ships through the Indian Ocean, from Southeast Asia to Africa.